Skip to main content

Table 5 Outcomes/effectiveness of interventions

From: Process evaluations of early childhood obesity prevention interventions delivered via telephone or text messages: a systematic review

Trial name: First author publication year (year study commenced), Country (Reference #) Outcomes measured (in comparison to control)
BMIz Breastfeeding changes Solid feeding / feeding habit changes Tummy time Play time and/or physical activity Sleep duration/ sleep quality Screen time changes Goal setting Mother’s well-being
INFANT: Campbell 2008 (2008), Australia [3, 57] No significant change N/A ↓ non-core drink at 9 months ↓sweet and snack at 20 months N/A N/A N/A ↓TV viewing time at 20 months N/A N/A
Carlsen 2013 (2010), Denmark [29] No significant change ↑ exclusive and partial breastfeeding rates at 6 months N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
PRIMROSE: Doring 2014 (2014), Sweden [30, 58] No significant change N/A ↑vegetables, fruits and fish; ↓sugary drinks, french fries at 4 years of age N/A No significant change N/A N/A N/A N/A
Franco-Antonio 2018 (2018), Spain [31] N/A ↑Exclusive Breast Feeding (EBF) duration and any BF at 6 months N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A No change N/A
MumBubConnect: Gallegos 2014 (2010), Australia [32] N/A ↑in EBF rates N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Gibby 2019 (2019), Hawai’I and Puerto Rico [33] No significant change No significant change No significant change N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Steps to Growing Up Healthy: Gorin 2014 (2014), USA [34, 59] ↓BMI percentile N/A ↓ juice consumption, whole milk consumption at end of the intervention N/A No significant change N/A No significant change No change N/A
Healthy Habits, Happy Homes: Haines 2013 (2011), USA [35] ↓ BMI N/A N/A N/A N/A ↑sleep duration ↓TV viewing on weekend days N/A N/A
Hannan 2012 (2012), USA [36] Healthier weight gain N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Harris-Luna 2018 (2018), USA [37] N/A ↑EBF N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
M528: Hmone 2017 (2015), Myanmar [38] N/A ↑ EBF rate at 6 months ↓ bottle feeding, early introduction of complementary food N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Healthy Babies: Horodynski 2011 (2011), USA [39] N/A Not published Not published N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Jiang 2014 (2014), China [40] No significant change ↑ EBF rate at 6 months No significant change N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
The Baby Milk Trial: Lakshman 2015 (2011), UK [41] ↓ weight gain at 6 months and at 12 months N/A No significant change N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Growing Healthy: Laws 2018 (2015), Australia [42] No significant change No significant change No significant change N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smart Moms: Nezami 2018 (2014), USA [43] No significant change N/A ↓SSB/juice N/A N/A N/A N/A ↓mother’s weight N/A
Patel 2018 (2010), India [44] N/A No significant change N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
WIC: Pugh 2010 (2003), USA [45] N/A ↑any BF at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Tahir 2013 (2010), Malaysia [46] N/A ↑EBF at 1 month, 4 months N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Baby’s first bites: van der Veek 2019 (2019), Netherlands [47] Outcomes not published N/A Outcomes not published N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mothers & Others: Wasser 2017 (2013), USA [48] Outcomes not published N/A Outcomes not published N/A N/A N/A Outcomes not published N/A N/A
Healthy Beginnings: Wen 2007 (2007), Australia [2, 60,61,62] ↓BMI ↑BF at 6 and 12 months ↓Introdution to solids prior to 6 months ↓ age at which infants started tummy time and ↑daily practice of tummy time No significant change ↑ mean nocturnal sleep duration No significant change N/A N/A
CHAT: Wen 2017 (2017), Australia [1] Outcomes not published No significant change ↑higher odds of appropriate timing of introducing solids (telephone support): ↓bottle at bedtime (telephone and SMS support) ↑early start of tummy time (Telephone support) Outcomes not published Outcomes not published No screen time (Telephone and SMS support) Outcomes not published Outcomes not published
Linked trial for HB: Wen 2019 (2019), Australia [19] Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing Ongoing