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Table 4 Associations between movement-related behaviors and specific weather indices

From: Seasons, weather, and device-measured movement behaviors: a scoping review from 2006 to 2020

Weather Index Finding Physical Activity Volume Light-Intensity Physical Activity Moderate-to-Vigorous Intensity Physical Activity Sedentary Behavior
Temperature Positive Associations 19 [35,36,37,38, 40, 43, 47, 70, 88, 107,108,109,110,111,112,113,114] 4 [47, 64, 70, 115] 11 [35, 39, 42, 47, 57, 73, 79, 81, 110, 116] 2 [38, 81]
Null Associations 13 [28, 35,36,37, 61, 117,118,119,120,121,122] 4 [34, 56, 116] 14 [34, 35, 40, 42, 56, 61, 70, 120, 121, 123, 124] 7 [34, 63, 70, 73, 81, 115]
Negative Associations 6 [38, 46, 125,126,127,128] 0 3 [81, 122, 124] 9 [38, 39, 47, 60,61,62,63, 71, 109]
Evidence Grade Strong Limited Strong Moderate
Precipitation Positive Associations 1 [28] 0 2 [79, 123] 12 [38, 39, 48, 60, 61, 63, 71, 73, 81, 109, 129]
Null Associations 5 [37, 70, 114, 118] 3 [34, 56, 70] 15 [35, 39, 42, 56, 70, 81, 121, 122, 124, 130, 131] 7 [34, 39, 62, 63, 70, 81]
Negative Associations 25 [28, 36,37,38, 40, 43, 46, 48, 57, 61, 88, 109, 111,112,113, 119, 121, 122, 125, 127, 131, 132] 3 [34, 57, 116] 15 [34, 40, 48, 57, 61, 73, 81, 109, 116, 124, 129, 133, 134] 0
Evidence Grade Strong Limited Strong Strong
Wind Speed Positive Associations 0 0 1 [39] 2 [48, 60]
Null Associations 6 [28, 36, 40, 43] 2 [34] 3 [34, 40] 4 [34, 39]
Negative Associations 6 [36, 46, 48, 109, 113, 127] 0 3 [39, 48, 135] 0
Evidence Grade Moderate Not Assignable Limited Limited
Photoperiod Positive Associations 15 [38, 46,47,48, 50, 72, 78, 88, 109, 114, 125, 127, 134, 136, 137] 4 [34, 47, 64, 78] 9 [34, 48, 50, 72, 73, 78, 133, 135] 1 [63]
Null Associations 6 [43, 113, 118, 121, 122] 1 [34] 6 [47, 79, 81, 121, 122] 3 [34, 81]
Negative Associations 0 0 0 10 [38, 47, 48, 50, 63, 71,72,73, 78, 81]
Evidence Grade Strong Limited Strong Strong
Snow Positive Associations 0 0 0 0
Null Associations 3 [111, 114, 125] 1 [116] 4 [39, 42, 116] 0
Negative Associations 4 [38, 88, 93] 1 [64] 1 [40] 0
Evidence Grade Limited Not Assignable Limited Not Assignable
Cloud Coverage Positive Associations 1 [127] 0 0 0
Null Associations 2 [36, 37] 0 0 0
Negative Associations 2 [36, 37] 0 2 [41, 135] 0
Evidence Grade Limited Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable
Humidity Positive Associations 0 0 0 2 [78, 81]
Null Associations 0 1 [34] 6 [39, 81, 124] 5 [34, 39, 81]
Negative Associations 5 [78, 107, 126, 127] 2 [34, 78] 6 [34, 78, 79, 81, 124] 0
Evidence Grade Moderate Not Assignable Moderate Limited
Visibility Positive Associations 1 [73] 0 0 0
Null Associations 0 1 [34] 0 2 [34]
Negative Associations 1 [127] 1 [34] 1 [34] 0
Evidence Grade Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable
Barometric Pressure Positive Associations 1 [127] 0 0 0
Null Associations 0 0 0 0
Negative Associations 0 0 0 0
Evidence Grade Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable
Wind Chill Positive Associations 1 [73] 0 0 0
Null Associations 0 0 0 0
Negative Associations 0 0 0 0
Evidence Grade Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable
Air Quality Positive Associations 0 0 0 0
Null Associations 1 [120] 0 1 [120] 0
Negative Associations 1 [138] 0 0 0
Evidence Grade Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable Not Assignable