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Table 2 Associations among parental support, parental control and number of days reporting at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity

From: Parental control and support for physical activity predict adolescents’ moderate to vigorous physical activity over five years

  Number of days reporting at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity
Crude analysisa Partially adjusted analysisb Fully adjusted analysisc Fully adjusted analysisc with interactions
  Coef.d 95% C.I.e Coef.d 95% C.I.e Coef.d 95% C.I.e Coef.d 95% C.I.e Coef.d 95% C.I.e
  Total parental scores
Parental control 0.09 -0.03 – 0.21    -0.05 -0.16 – 0.06 -0.18 -0.30 – -0.06 0.14 -0.07 – 0.02
Parental control x age -0.02 -0.07 – 0.02
Parental support 0.41 0.29 – 0.52 0.42 0.31 – 0.53    0.46 0.35 – 0.58 -0.15 -0.80 – 0.48
Parental support x age 0.04 -0.001 – 0.08
  Tangible vs intangible support
Tangible support score 0.39 0.29 – 0.49 0.40 0.29 – 0.50 0.37 0.22 – 0.51 -0.05 -0.66 – 0.56
Tangible support score x age 0.03 -0.01 – 0.07
Intangible support score 0.30 0.19 – 0.40 0.30 0.20 – 0.41 0.10 -0.40 – 0.13 -0.60 -1.22 – 0.02
Intangible support score x age 0.05 0.01 – 0.09
  Individual behaviours of support
Encouragement 0.23 0.14 – 0.30 0.23 0.15 – 0.31 0.12 0.02 – 0.23 -0.25 -0.77 – 0.26
Encouragement x age 0.03 -0.01 – 0.19
Informational 0.19 0.11 – 0.27 0.17 0.10 – 0.26 -0.03 -0.13 – 0.08 -0.33 -0.84 – 0.17
Informational x age 0.02 -0.01 – 0.05
Modeling 0.13 0.05 – 0.21 0.12 0.03 – 0.21 0.03 -0.07 – 0.13 -0.43 -0.93 – 0.06
Modeling x age 0.03 -0.002 – 0.06
Co-participation 0.14 0.05 – 0.23 0.13 0.04 – 0.23 -0.03 -0.14 – 0.08 -0.30 -0.85 – 0.25
Co-participation x age 0.02 -0.02 – 0.06
Transportation 0.32 0.24 – 0.40 0.31 0.23 – 0.39 0.25 0.15 – 0.36 -0.52 -0.55 – 0.44
Transportation x age 0.02 -0.01 – 0.05
Watching 0.27 0.18 – 0.35 0.25 0.17 – 0.34 0.08 -0.03 – 0.20 0.14 -0.35 – 0.63
Watching x age 0.00 -0.03 – 0.03
  Individual behaviours of control
Nagging -0.05 -0.15 – 0.04 -0.06 -0.16 – 0.04 -0.13 -0.26 – -0.01 0.06 -0.51 – 0.64
Nagging x age -0.01 -0.05 – 0.03
Ordering -0.02 -0.13 – 0.09 -0.04 -0.15 – 0.07 -0.05 -0.18 – 0.09 0.34 -0.29 – 0.97
Ordering x age -0.03 -0.18 – 0.31
  1. aUnivariate analysis
  2. bAdjustment for time, gender, age, urban/rural, neighborhood income and language
  3. cAdjustment for time, gender, age, urban/rural, neighborhood income, language, parental support and control variables
  4. dCrude or adjusted slope coefficient
  5. e95% CI confidence interval for crude or adjusted coefficient