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Table 2 Energy-adjusted intakes of the key food groups at the breakfast eating occasion according to latent breakfast profile among Australian men (n = 3545)a

From: What do Australian adults eat for breakfast? A latent variable mixture modelling approach for understanding combinations of foods at eating occasions

  Percentage (%) of consumers Mean (95% CI) intake (g) among consumers
Profile 1: “Wholegrain cereals and milks” 16  
 Food group (g)
  Wholegrain high fibre cereals 99 38.4 (36.3, 40.6)
  Dried fruit 87 10.0 (9.2, 11.0)
  Reduced fat milks 51 127.3 (112.8, 143.8)
  Tea or coffee 51 206.9 (186.9, 229.2)
  Nuts and seeds 45 5.3 (4.7, 5.9)
  Medium fat milks 38 106.1 (93.4, 120.5)
  Fresh or canned fruit 37 41.9 (31.9, 55.1)
  Unsaturated oils 30 2.1 (2.0, 2.2)
  Water 24 574.2 (460.8, 715.4)
  Yoghurts and custards 20 64.8 (57.1, 73.5)
Profile 2: “Protein-foods” 11  
 Food group (g)
  Unsaturated oils 69 3.9 (3.5, 4.3)
  Eggs 61 54.9 (48.2, 62.6)
  All other vegetables 51 34.5 (28.5, 41.7)
  Tea or coffee 50 235.9 (217.4, 256.0)
  Refined grain low fibre breads 49 49.7 (43.8, 56.5)
  Processed meats 43 35.7 (32.0, 39.8)
  Unsaturated spreads 43 1.9 (1.6, 2.1)
  Brassica vegetables 33 13.6 (10.9, 16.9)
  Medium fat milks 28 39.0 (32.5, 46.7)
  Cheeses 25 16.6 (13.7, 20.1)
  Water 21 687.1 (503.2, 938.2)
  Condiments 20 16.4 (13.7, 19.5)
  Refined low fibre grains 15 17.5 (8.0, 38.6)
Profile 3: “Breads and spreads 1”  23  
 Food group (g)
  Tea or coffee 90 205.6 (192.9, 219.1)
  Discretionary spreads 65 12.2 (11.1, 13.4)
  Refined grain low fibre breads 51 59.1 (54.8, 63.8)
  Sugar 50 7.7 (7.2, 8.4)
  Whole grain high fibre breads 46 55.7 (52.3, 59.2)
  Medium fat milks 46 52.1 (46.3, 58.5)
  Unsaturated spreads 44 9.0 (8.3, 9.7)
  Reduced fat milks 28 53.6 (46.4, 62.0)
  Water 16 637.5 (483.3, 844.2)
Profile 4: “Mixed cereals and milks”  33  
 Food group (g)
  Medium fat milks 50 154.6 (143.6, 166.5)
  Tea or coffee 44 236.6 (221.9, 252.3)
  Whole grain high fibre cereals 38 48.6 (46.2, 51.2)
  Sugar 37 10.8 (10.0, 11.6)
  Reduced fat milks 32 159.2 (140.3, 180.7)
  Fresh or canned fruit 19 100.3 (80.2, 125.4)
  Water 19 692.4 (564.2, 849.6)
  Whole grain high fibre grains 17 191.0 (169.5, 215.3)
  Refined grain low fibre cereals 17 36.0 (32.9, 39.4)
Profile 5: “Breads and spreads 2”  15  
 Food group (g)
  Refined grain low fibre breads 41 65.5 (61.0, 70.4)
  Discretionary spreads 39 10.6 (8.9, 12.7)
  Wholegrain high fibre breads 34 67.6 (62.0, 73.8)
  Unsaturated spreads 25 8.8 (7.2, 10.7)
  Water 24 1080.2 (792.0, 1473.2)
  Unsaturated oils 17 2.8 (2.3, 3.3)
  Sugar-sweetened beverages 16 167.7 (110.1, 255.5)
  1. aValues shown are weighted percentage (%) of women who reported consuming one or more food/beverage items from each food group and weighted geometric mean (95% confidence interval) intakes (g) of energy-adjusted food groups