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Table 3 Energy-adjusted intakes of the key food groups at the breakfast eating occasion according to latent breakfast profile among Australian women (n = 4127)a

From: What do Australian adults eat for breakfast? A latent variable mixture modelling approach for understanding combinations of foods at eating occasions

  Percentage (%) of consumers Mean (95% CI) intake (g) among consumers
Profile 1: “Wholegrain cereals and milks” 17  
 Food group (g)
  Wholegrain high fibre cereals 99 37.3 (35.7, 38.9)
  Dried fruit 86 9.8 (9.1, 10.5)
  Reduced fat milks 59 109.3 (99.4, 120.2)
  Tea or coffee 55 223.6 (202.1, 247.5)
  Nuts and seeds 49 5.4 (4.9, 6.0)
  Fresh or canned fruit 41 37.7 (29.6, 48.0)
  Medium fat milks 25 99 (84.1, 116.7)
  Yoghurts and custards 25 65.0 (57.5, 73.5)
  Water 23 642.1 (504.0, 818.2)
Profile 2: “Protein-foods” 11  
 Food group (g)
  Unsaturated oils 56 3.9 (3.4, 4.4)
  All other vegetables 46 31.4 (25.0, 39.4)
  Eggs 43 56.0 (47.9, 65.5)
  Tea or coffee 41 220.6 (192.9, 252.3)
  Refined grain low fibre breads 36 51.3 (45.2, 58.2)
  Unsaturated spreads 36 2.1 (1.7, 2.6)
  Medium fat milks 29 43.2 (31.5, 59.3)
  Brassica vegetables 28 16.0 (11.4, 22.4)
  Refined low fibre grains 26 15.7 (10.3, 23.9)
  Processed meats 26 29.1 (25.8, 32.8)
  Water 24 850.2 (670.41078.3)
  Orange vegetables 22 11.5 (8.0, 16.4)
  Starchy vegetables 21 13.5 (7.2, 25.2)
  Cheeses 18 18.5 (15.5, 22.0)
Profile 3: “Breads and spreads 1” 18  
 Food group (g)
  Whole grain high fibre breads 99 55.5 (53.5, 57.6)
  Tea or coffee 66 211.3 (199.7, 223.6)
  Discretionary spreads 60 10.7 (9.7, 11.8)
  Unsaturated spreads 39 6.6 (6.0, 7.3)
  Reduced fat milks 35 55.3 (48.1, 63.7)
  Medium fat milks 22 60.0 (48.7, 73.9)
  Sugar 22 5.8 (5.2, 6.4)
  Water 16 745.7 (584.9, 950.7)
Profile 4: “Mixed cereals and milks” 37  
 Food group (g)
  Tea or coffee 51 221.2 (208.2, 235.1)
  Reduced fat milks 38 130.6 (119.2, 143.1)
  Medium fat milks 37 140.6 (128.4, 153.9)
  Fresh or canned fruit 30 87.6 (75.7, 101.4)
  Whole grain high fibre grains 27 192.0 (180.3, 204.4)
  Sugar 27 8.9 (8.1, 9.8)
  Whole grain high fibre cereals 24 42.2 (40.4, 44.1)
  Water 23 657.0 (556.8, 775.3)
  Refined grain low fibre cereals 14 36.0 (33.8, 38.3)
Profile 5: “Breads and spreads 2” 17  
 Food group (g)
  Refined grain low fibre breads 100 55.2 (52.8, 57.8)
  Tea or coffee 68 215.3 (193.4, 239.6)
  Discretionary spreads 62 11.8 (10.7, 12.9)
  Unsaturated spreads 36 7.9 (7.2, 8.7)
  Sugar 30 6.9 (6.3, 7.5)
  Reduced fat milks 27 46.5 (39.1, 55.3)
  Medium fat milks 24 60.4 (52.0, 70.2)
  Water 17 567.2 (430.8, 746.7)
  1. aValues shown are weighted percentage (%) of women who reported consuming one or more food/beverage items from each food group and weighted geometric mean (95% confidence interval) intakes (g) of energy-adjusted food groups