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Table 4 Percentage of breakfast food profiles consumed according to the type of day (weekend vs. weekday) and time-period of the day among Australian men and women breakfast consumersa, b, c

From: What do Australian adults eat for breakfast? A latent variable mixture modelling approach for understanding combinations of foods at eating occasions

  All breakfasts Wholegrain cereals & milks Protein-foods Bread & spreads 1 Mixed cereals & milks Bread & spreads 2 P value
   Men (n = 3545)  
Day of the week (%)        < 0.001
 Monday to Friday (weekday) 77 81 67 75 80 75  
 Saturday/Sunday (weekend) 23 19 33 25 20 25  
Weekday time-period (%)        < 0.001
 < 7:00 26 30 15 23 31 21  
 7:00 to 7:59 30 36 20 40 28 22  
 8:00 to 8:59 23 21 25 21 23 24  
 ≥ 9:00 21 13 40 16 18 33  
Weekend time-period (%)        0.08
 < 7:00 12 18 6 11 14 8  
 7:00 to 7:59 19 24 14 22 18 19  
 8:00 to 8:59 26 26 21 30 28 24  
 ≥ 9:00 43 32 59 37 40 49  
   Women (n = 4127)  
Day of the week (%)        < 0.001
 Monday to Friday 80 82 70 84 77 80  
 Saturday/Sunday 20 18 30 16 23 23  
Weekday time-period (%)        < 0.001
 < 7:00 15 16 9 16 16 14  
 7:00 to 7:59 34 42 22 34 34 32  
 8:00 to 8:59 28 27 30 28 28 30  
  ≥ 9:00 23 14 39 22 22 24  
Weekend time-period (%)        < 0.001
 < 7:00 8 8 2 8 12 7  
 7:00 to 7:59 22 41 11 23 16 24  
 8:00 to 8:59 33 27 27 36 39 32  
  ≥ 9:00 37 24 60 33 33 37  
  1. aValues are weighted percentages
  2. bWeekday vs weekend and time-of-day differences between breakfast profiles for were assessed using an adjusted Pearson Chi2 test
  3. cThe Breads and spreads profiles were differentiated by their accompanying beverages for men (Profile 1: coffee/tea; Profile 2: Sugar-sweetened beverages) and by bread grain varieties for women (Profile 1: wholegrain; Profile 2: refined grain)