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Table 3 Preferences for PA information, timing and people to practice with (% patients reporting the preference)

From: Factors influencing physical activity participation among people living with or beyond cancer: a systematic scoping review

Cancer type Country, no. of participants, treatment stage Study design Persons to provide information Time to start PA program People to perform PA with Time of the day Reference
(A) Oncologist, (B) Family doctor, (C) Nurse, (D) Physiotherapist, & (E) Personal trainer (A) At diagnosis, (B) During ttt, (C) Immediately after ttt, & (D) 3–6 months after ttt (A) Alone, (B) Family/friends, & (C) Other cancer patients (A) Morning, (B) Afternoon, & (C) Evening
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (A) (B) (C) (D) (A) (B) (C) (A) (B) (C)
Brain Canada, 31, during ttt CS           + (52) + (26) + (7) + (16) + (29) + (7) [87]
US, 106, mixed CS               + (24) + (5) [88]
Breast Canada, 12, post-ttt QI                + [41]
Canada, 524, post-ttt CS + (14) + (17) + (14) + (35)   + (21) + (14) + (37) + (18) + (50) + (21) + (14) + (21) + (17) + (13) [89]
NZ, 20 patients FG                + [51]
US, 23, during ttt CS       + (39) + (13) + (30) + (13) + (35) + (26) +(39) + (44) + (30) + (9) [55]
Colo-rectal Australia,10, post-ttt QI        + + +       + [56]
Canada, 600, mixed CS + (35)   + (12) + (25) + (18) + (19) + (9) + (22) + (28)     + (24) + (22) + (12) [91]
Netherlands, 15, mixed QI + +            + (53)    [92]
Endometrial UK, 16 women, post-ttt QI +                [60]
Gynecologic Canada, 239 women MM         + (63) + (79)       [44]
Lung Australia, 7, post-ttt FG        + +        + [63]
US, 43, pre-ttt CS + (23) + (19) + (2) + (12) + (7) + (16) + (47) + (21) + (7)     + (23) + (40) + (7) [65]
US, 175, post-ttt CS + (58)    + (8)   + (36)   + (9) + (8)     + (13) + (3)   [38]
Ovarian Canada, 359, mixed CS       + (18) + (13) + (26) + (26) + (49) + (15) + (17) + (29) + (31) + (16) [45]
Variousa Australia, 92, during ttt CS + (18)   + (17) + (9)   + (41) + (21) + (35)        [94]
Ireland, 41, mixed FG + + +             + [77]
Italy, 392, mixed CS + (57)   + (7) + (30) + (20)      + (48) + (31) + (9) + (16) + (8) + (27) [46]
Norway, 7, during ttt QI        +          [80]
UK, 12, mixed stages QI + +             + + [36]
UK, 26, mixed stages FG       + + +     +   + [84]
UK, 456, post-ttt CS + (17) + (14) + (11) + (23)   + (7) + (5) + (25) + (34) + (20) +(15) + (15) + (19) + (38) [43]
US, 20, during ttt QI + (80)                [85]
  1. Abbreviations: CS cross-sectional, FG focus groups, MM mixed-method, NZ New Zealand, PA physical activity, QI qualitative interview. ttt: treatment. aThe study included various mixed cancer types