Skip to main content

Table 5 Facilitators to PA participation among cancer patients (% patients reporting the facilitator)

From: Factors influencing physical activity participation among people living with or beyond cancer: a systematic scoping review

Cancer type Country, no. of participants, treatment stage Study design Physiological Psychosocial & cultural Economic & environmental Reference
(A) Feeling well, & (B) Symptom management strategies (A) Positive previous experience, (B) Perceived benefits, (C) Exercise in routine
(D) Social support and guidance, & (E)Companionship
(A) Affordable programs, & (B) Accessible/ tailored amenities
(A) (B) (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (A) (B)
Breast Canada, 9 women, post-ttt QI    + + + + +   + [40]
Canada, 8, during ttt QI   +   + + + +   + [49]
Canada, 12, mixed stages QI     +    +    [77]
New Zealand, 20 women FG      + + +    [51]
Norway, 27, during ttt FG     +   + +    [52]
Spain, 14 women, post-ttt QI     +   + +   + [99]
Sweden, 16, during ttt QI       + +   + [53]
Sweden, 29, post-ttt MM       + +   + [123]
Sweden, 12, post-ttt QI     +       [124]
US, 15 women, post ttt QI     +   + +    [125]
US, 60 women, post-ttt QI       + (50) + (97)   + (20) [54]
US, 30 women, during ttt QI       +    + [101]
Colo-rectal Canada, 600, post-ttt CS + (10)       + (13)   + (12) [57]
Netherlands, 15, mixed QI +    + + + + + + [92]
Sweden, 17 patients QI + +   +   +    + [59]
Endometrial UK, 16 women, post-ttt QI     +   + +    [60]
Gynecologic Canada, 239 survivors MM     + (50)   + (50) + + + [44]
Kidney Canada, 482, post-ttt CS        + (47)   + (7), [61]
Lung Australia, 7, post-ttt FG    +    + +   + [63]
Denmark, 19, post-ttt QI     + + +    + [64]
France, 5 patients QI     +   + +    [105]
US, 43, during ttt CS + (15)     + (11) + (15)    + (37) [65]
Lung & GI US, 34 patients QI    + + + + +    [107]
Lymphoma US, N/A, post-ttt FG       +    + [108]
Prostate Australia, 18 men, post-ttt QI       + +    [68]
Australia, 14 men QI   +     + +    [112]
England, 16 men, post-ttt QI   +   +   + +   + [113]
Ireland, 20 men QI       +     [31]
Variousa Australia, 15, mixed stages QI     +   + +    [70]
Australia, 9, during ttt QI/FG      + +   + + [69]
Australia, 102, post-ttt CS    + + (99)   + (97) + (81)   + [71]
Australia, 20, during ttt QI       +    + [117]
Canada, 30, during ttt CS    + (63) + (37) + + (32) +   + (42) [20]
Denmark, 33, during ttt QI   +   + + + +    [118]
Germany, 905 patients CS     + +   +    [76]
Ireland, 41, mixed stages FG       + +   + [77]
Italy, 12, post-ttt FG    + + + + +   + [78]
New Zealand, 25, mixed QI       + +   + [81]
Sweden, 18, during ttt FG   + +    + +   + [24]
UK, 26, mixed stages FG     + + + +   + [84]
UK, 456, post-ttt CS   +     + +   + [43]
UK, 19 patients, post-ttt QI       + +   + [37]
UK, 12, mixed stages QI   +     + +    [36]
UK, 16, mixed stages QI       +    + [83]
US, 25, post-ttt FG     + + + +   + [86]
US, 20, post-ttt QI       + + + + [39]
US, 13, mixed stages QI     +   +    + [122]
  1. Abbreviations: CS cross-sectional, FG focus groups, MM mixed-method, N/A non-available, PA physical activity, QI qualitative interview, ttt treatment. a The study included various mixed cancer types