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Table 4 The four firm concentration ratio (CR4) for the 14 different packaged food product markets per European Single Market member state. Red indicates CR4 values > 60% and markets with dominant firms and limited competition, yellow indicates CR4 values between 40 and 60% and markets with limited competition while green indicates CR4 values ≤40% and markets with effective competition. The percent change over the past 10 years (2009–2018) is included in brackets. Euromonitor data 2018

From: A detailed mapping of the food industry in the European single market: similarities and differences in market structure across countries and sectors