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Table 3 Comparison of HEI-2015 component scores by meal location and sex in the IDATA Study (N = 1021)a

From: Examining the association between meal context and diet quality: an observational study of meal context in older adults

   Males
(n = 510)
Females
(n = 511)
HEI-2015 components Maximum points Away from home
(Mean (SE))
At home
(Mean (SE))
Difference
(Mean (SE))
Away from home
(Mean (SE))
At home
(Mean (SE))
Difference
(Mean (SE))
Total fruits 5 2.54 (0.16) 4.02 (0.15) −1.48 (0.20)b 3.59 (0.17) 4.72 (0.16) −1.13 (0.23)b
Whole fruits 5 4.07 (0.30) 5.00 (0.00) 0.93 (0.30)b 5.00 (0.00) 5.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00)
Total vegetables 5 4.05 (0.13) 4.03 (0.09) 0.02 (0.15) 4.73 (0.13) 4.84 (0.13) −0.11 (0.17)
Greens & beans 5 3.09 (0.21) 3.23 (0.17) −0.13 (0.26) 4.98 (0.27) 5.00 (0.16) −0.02 (0.30)
Whole grains 10 2.19 (0.15) 4.65 (0.17) −2.47 (0.20)b 2.30 (0.14) 4.67 (0.15) −2.38 (0.20)b
Dairy 10 4.35 (0.15) 6.60 (0.17) −2.25 (0.22)b 5.30 (0.17) 6.73 (0.18) −1.43 (0.24)b
Total protein foods 5 5.00 (0.00) 5.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 5.00 (0.00) 5.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00)
Seafood & plant proteins 5 5.00 (0.00) 5.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 5.00 (0.00) 5.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00)
Fatty acids 10 4.70 (0.19) 3.66 (0.16) 1.04 (0.24)b 4.62 (0.27) 3.87 (0.24) 0.75 (0.26)b
Refined grains 10 6.80 (0.22) 7.50 (0.19) −0.70 (0.27)b 6.96 (0.23) 8.56 (0.19) −1.60 (0.27)b
Sodium 10 2.29 (0.24) 2.80 (0.17) −0.51 (0.27) 2.69 (0.23) 3.33 (0.20) −0.63 (0.27)
Added sugars 10 8.02 (0.19) 8.24 (0.14) −0.22 (0.19) 7.95 (0.16) 8.08 (0.13) −0.13 (0.18)
Saturated fats 10 4.66 (0.20) 5.27 (0.18) −0.61 (0.25) 4.42 (0.28) 5.03 (0.24) −0.61 (0.26)
  1. a Healthy Eating Index-2015; IDATA Interactive Diet and Activity Tracking in AARP, HEI-2015, SE, standard error
  2. b The Benjamini-Hochberg method determined this comparison to be statistically significant with a false discovery rate of 2.5%