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Table 2 Daily dietary intake by baseline levels of ad exposure (in tertiles)

From: TV advertising and dietary intake in adolescents: a pre- and post- study of Chile’s Food Marketing Policy

  Low exposure (n = 241) Medium exposure (n = 240) High exposure (n = 240)
  0.0-3.1 min 3.1-9.5 min 9.5-31.8 min
Overall high-in foods1,2    
Consumers: n (%) 236 (97.9) 233 (97.1) 230 (95.8)
Absolute energy (kcal) 561 ± 28 527 ± 28 576 ± 28
Energy adjusted (% kcal) 31.4 ± 1.2 28.5 ± 1.2 29.3 ± 1.2
Daily intake (energy and nutrients)    
Daily energy (kcal) 1739 ± 41 1804 ± 40 1865 ± 41*
Total sugars (grams) 97.4 ± 3.6 98.7 ± 3.6 104.3 ± 3.6
Total sugars (% energy) 22.4 ± 0.6 22.0 ± 0.6 22.2 ± 0.6
Saturated fat (grams) 20.4 ± 0.7 20.6 ± 0.7 21.3 ± 0.7
Saturated fat (% energy) 10.4 ± 0.2 10.0 ± 0.2 10.0 ± 0.2
Sodium (mg) 2413 ± 73 2422 ± 73 2552 ± 73
Sodium (mg/1000 kcal) 1399 ± 30 1363 ± 30 1386 ± 30
Food groups (high-in)    
Ready-to-eat breakfast cereals    
Consumers: n (%) 46 (19.1) 30 (12.5) 30 (12.5)
Absolute energy (kcal) 32 ± 4 18 ± 4* 17 ± 4*
Energy adjusted (% kcal) 1.8 ± 0.2 1.2 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.2*
Salty snacks    
Consumers: n (%) 47 (19.5) 42 (17.5) 55(22.9)
Absolute energy (kcal) 64 ± 12 67 ± 12 68 ± 12
Energy adjusted (% kcal) 3.3 ± 0.6 3.4 ± 0.6 3.6 ± 0.6
Sweets and desserts    
Consumers: n (%) 159 (66.0) 159 (66.3) 149 (62.1)
Absolute energy (kcal) 218 ± 17 197 ± 17 216 ± 17
Energy adjusted (% kcal) 12.1 ± 0.9 10.7 ± 0.9 10.9 ± 0.9
Sugar-sweetened beverages    
Consumers: n (%) 133 (55.2) 141 (58.8) 139 (57.9)
Absolute energy (kcal) 107 ± 10 110 ± 10 136 ± 10*
Energy adjusted (% kcal) 6.1 ± 0.5 5.9 ± 0.5 6.9 ± 0.5
Milks and yogurts    
Consumers: n (%) 49 (20.3) 52 (21.7) 40 (16.7)
Absolute energy (kcal) 29 ± 5 35 ± 5 28 ± 5
Energy adjusted (% kcal) 1.8 ± 0.3 2.1 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.3
  1. 1 Model adjusted for age (years) and sex of child, maternal education, home ownership, marital state, and day of week.
  2. 2 Values are mean ± SE, unless otherwise noted. *P < 0.05 for pairwise comparison with referent group (low exposure).