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Table 4 Multi-level Multivariate models for MVPA in relation to teacher PA promoting practices sum score

From: Associations between elementary and middle school teachers’ physical activity promoting practices and teacher- and school-level factors

  Teacher PA Promoting Practices Sum Score
Fixed Effects Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Estimate + SE p-value Estimate + SE p-value Estimate + SE p-value
Teacher MVPA*** 1.29 ± 0.28 < 0.001 1.04 + 0.29 < 0.001** 1.07 + 0.28 < 0.001**
Teacher Gender (Female vs. Male) −1.62 + 0.94 0.085 −1.95 + 0.92 0.034*
Teacher Wt. status (Obese vs. non-obese) − 1.42 + 0.56 0.011* −1.38 + 0.54 0.010*
School type (Middle vs. Elementary) −3.86 + 0.54 < 0.001**
Random Effects       
  Estimate + SE   Estimate + SE    
Intercept (school) 3.10 ± 1.40 LR test chi(01) = 23.07 p < 0.001 3.00 ± 1.37 LR test chi(01) = 22.03, p < 0.001 < 0.001 + < 0.001 LR test chi(01) < 0.001, p = 1.0
Residual 19.66 ± 1.69   19.09 ± 1.64   18.92 + 1.58  
  1. Note. *p < .05 **p < .01. Significant regression coefficients are in bold fonts. Model 1 = model with teacher-level variables only. Model 2 = model with teacher- and school-level variable. ***MVPA is represented in 15-min non-contiguous increments of time for this analysis