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Table 2 Risk of bias assessment using the ROBINS-I risk-of-bias tool for non-randomized studies of interventions

From: Equity-specific effects of interventions to promote physical activity among middle-aged and older adults: results from applying a novel equity-specific re-analysis strategy

Study Risk of bias domain
Confounding Selection of participants into the study Classification of interventions Deviations from intended interventions Missing data Measurement of outcomes Selection of the reported result Overall risk of biasa
Every Step Counts! Moderate Low Low Low Moderate Serious Low Serious
  1. aLow risk of bias: The study is judged to be at low risk of bias for all domains; Moderate risk of bias: The study is judged to be at low or moderate risk of bias for all domains; Serious risk of bias: The study is judged to be at serious risk of bias in at least one domain, but not at critical risk of bias in any domain; Critical risk of bias: The study is judged to be at critical risk of bias in at least one domain