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Table 1 Use of theory in provider’s programme plans

From: The theoretical basis of a nationally implemented type 2 diabetes prevention programme: how is the programme expected to produce changes in behaviour?

  Provider A Provider B Provider C Provider D
Theory mentioned (1a)
Construct mentioned (1b)a
Target construct mentioned as predictor of behaviour (2)
Intervention based on a single theory (3)   
Theory/predictors used to select recipients for the intervention (4)     
Theory/predictors used to select/develop intervention techniques (5)
Theory/predictors used to tailor intervention techniques to recipients (6)    
All intervention techniques are explicitly linked to at least one theory-relevant construct/predictor (7a)     
All intervention techniques are explicitly linked to an overall theory/model but not a specific construct (7b) a     
At least one, but not all, of the intervention techniques are explicitly linked to at least one theory-relevant construct/predictor (8a)
At least one, but not all, of the intervention techniques are explicitly linked to an overall theory/model but not a specific construct (8b) a   
Group of techniques are linked to a group of constructs/predictors (9a)    
Group of techniques are linked to an overall theory/model but not a specific construct (9b) a   
All theory-relevant constructs/predictors are explicitly linked to at least one intervention technique (10)  b b
At least one, but not all, of the theory relevant constructs/predictors are explicitly linked to at least one intervention technique (11)    
Theory-relevant constructs/predictors are measured (12)     
Quality of measures (13)     
  1. Note: Numbers in brackets denote the items of the Theory Coding Scheme (Michie & Prestwich, 2010). Items 14–19 of the Theory Coding Scheme relate to post-intervention not protocol assessment, therefore not included in this analysis
  2. a Additional items which authors added to the Theory Coding Scheme for this analysis
  3. b Provider B linked all theoretical constructs to BCTs for the COM-B model and Provider D links all ‘processes’ (which included a group of constructs) to BCTs for the Process Model of Lifestyle Behaviour Change, however not all mentioned constructs from other theories were linked to BCTs