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Table 3 Results from multiple linear models predicting the relative importance of sensory appeal, weight control and natural content motive dimensionsa

From: Sociodemographic differences in motives for food selection: results from the LoCard cross-sectional survey

  Sensory appeal Weight control Natural content
Bb 95% CI P R2c B 95% CI P R2 B 95% CI P R2
Gender     .001**     <.001     .009***
 Women −0.011 −0.018, −0.005 .001   −0.001 −0.008, 0.007 .88   0.043 0.034, 0.051 <.001  
 Men (ref.)             
Age group     .012***     .041***     .044***
 18–29 (ref.)             
 30–44 0.006 −0.004, 0.015 .25   0.006 −0.004, 0.017 .24   0.056 0.044, 0.068 <.001  
 45–64 −0.003 −0.012, 0.006 .56   0.071 0.061, 0.081 <.001   0.101 0.089, 0.113 <.001  
 65–94 −0.50 −0.062, −0.039 <.001   0.093 0.080, 0.106 <.001   0.149 0.134, 0.163 <.001  
Marital status     .005***     <.001     .004***
 Married/cohabiting (ref.)             
 Divorced/widowed −0.009 −0.018, <0.001 .050   −0.004 −0.014, 0.006 .43   −0.018 −0.030, −0.007 .002  
 Never married −0.031 − 0.039, −0.023 <.001   0.004 −0.006, 0.013 .44   −0.034 −0.044, −0.023 <.001  
Living situation     .004***     .004***     .004***
 Alone −0.026 −0.034, −0.018 <.001   0.022 0.013, 0.031 <.001   −0.035 −0.046, −0.025 <.001  
 Two or more adults −0.003 − 0.011, 0.004 .37   0.026 0.018, 0.035 <.001   −0.010 −0.020, −0.001 .035  
 Adult(s) and child(ren) (ref.)             
Education     .005***     .003***     .002***
 Basic 0.021 0.007, 0.035 .003   −0.017 −0.033, −0.001 .032   −0.028 −0.046, −0.010 .002  
 Middle 0.029 0.021, 0.037 <.001   −0.019 −0.028, −0.010 <.001   −0.009 −0.020, 0.001 .067  
 Lower academic 0.013 0.005, 0.021 .001   0.001 −0.008, 0.010 .90   0.008 −0.002, 0.019 .12  
 Upper academic (ref.)             
Household income     .001**     .008***     .001
 1st quartile −0.010 −0.020, −0.001 .027   −0.048 −0.058, −0.038 <.001   −0.008 −0.020, 0.004 .17  
 2nd quartile −0.008 −0.016, 0.001 .068   −0.032 −0.041, −0.022 <.001   −0.011 −0.022, <0.001 .045  
 3rd quartile 0.004 −0.006, 0.014 .39   −0.025 −0.035, −0.014 <.001   −0.001 −0.014, 0.011 .86  
 4th quartile (ref.)             
Household special diets     .010***     .007***     .011***
 No special diet (ref.)             
 Lactose-free −0.006 −0.013, 0.002 .15   0.006 −0.002, 0.015 .17   0.018 0.008, 0.028 <.001  
 Gluten-free −0.026 −0.039, −0.014 <.001   −0.040 −0.053, −0.026 <.001   0.065 0.049, 0.081 <.001  
 Red-meat-free −0.044 −0.058, −0.030 <.001   −0.008 −0.024, 0.008 .32   0.066 0.048, 0.084 <.001  
 Vegetarians −0.054 −0.067, −0.041 <.001   −0.037 −0.051, −0.023 <.001   0.026 0.009, 0.043 .002  
 Other −0.027 −0.040, −0.015 <.001   −0.026 −0.040, −0.012 <.001   0.048 0.032, 0.065 <.001  
  1. ***P < .001, **P < .01, *P < .05
  2. aEach model includes age, gender and the given sociodemographic variable as predictors
  3. bB values are unstandardized regression coefficients
  4. cR2 refers to increase in the model R2 value after adding the given sociodemographic predictor to the age- and gender-adjusted model