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Table 1 Facilitators & Barriers of Implementation

From: Barriers and facilitators to implementing community-based physical activity interventions: a qualitative systematic review

Barriers Facilitators
 1- Intervention Characteristics
 B1.1 Name of intervention
 B1.2 Lack of evidence base
 B1.3 Adaptability – conflict between standardise vs tailoring to context
 B1.4 Lack of resources
 B1.5 Safety consideration
 B1.6 Physical and temporal barriers
 B1.7 Failures in new technology implemented
F1.1 Cost to participant
F1.2 Cost to organisation
F1.3 Pragmatic and clear programme content
F1.4 Adaptability (both by implementers and to context)
F1.5 Programme compatibility with staff and participants
F1.6 Development and availability of innovative information and communication technologies
F1.7 Credibility from evidence source
F1.8 Positive perception of intervention implementer by participants
F1.9 Sustainability of the intervention
 2- Inner Setting
 B2.1 Competing priorities
 B2.2 High staff turnover
 B2.3 Lack of communication within the team
 B2.4 Lack of support from leadership
 B2.5 Lack of funding
 B2.6 Implementing intervention from obligation
 B2.7 Staff burnout
 B2.8 Lack of perceived responsibility and motivation among organisations
 B2.9 Limited capacity to take part in multiple initiatives
 B2.10 High level of organisation and administration needed
 B2.11 Too much change required to implement
 B2.12 Poor staff training quality
F2.1 Strong commitment from leadership
F2.2 Clear information and communication strategies within organisations
F2.3 Provider training and capacity building
F2.4 Strong shared commitment and sense of ownership
F2.5 Feedback to staff
F2.6 Easy to integrate intervention goals within existing structures
F2.7 Strong staff relationships
 3- Outer Setting
 B3.1 Cultural barriers
 B3.2 Instability or lack of policies supporting target group
 B3.3 Poor relationship between organisation and community
 B3.4 Lack of community buy-in
 B3.5 Lack of coordination and communication between organisations
 B3.6 Funding between collaborating organisations
 B3.7 Availability of resources
F3.1 Participation of stakeholders in decision-making process
F3.2 Funding
F3.3 Accessible to communities in which intervention was implemented
F3.4 Community involvement to support the intervention
F3.5 High perceived fit of intervention in policy goals/agendas
F3.6 Political advocacy and support
F3.7 Effective communication strategies between stakeholders
F3.8 Volunteerism
F3.9 Role of support and research system
F3.10 Leadership and buy-in from range of stakeholders
 4- Individual Characteristics
 B4.1 Lack of motivation
 B4.2 Lack of knowledge
 B4.3 Perceived imposed participation in intervention training
 B4.4 Values inconsistent with lifestyle/context
 B4.5 Lack of perceived importance of communicating with participants by organisation staff
 B4.6 Perceived workload among staff
 B4.7 Poor participant attitude
 B4.8 Challenge to find committed leaders
F4.1 Well-trained
F4.2 Dedicated
F4.3 Leaders take ownership of problem addressed by intervention
F4.4 Leaders motivate others
F4.5 High individual motivation of staff
F4.6 High perceived importance of intervention by staff
F4.7 Positive attitudes and beliefs
F4.8 Members and leaders experienced increases in self-efficacy
F4.9 Feeling empowered
F4.10 Strong feeling of reward from engaging across all levels
 5- Processes of Implementation
 B5.1 Insufficient resources allocated for implementation
 B5.2 Complexity of intervention
 B5.3 Top-down implementation strategy
F5.1 Engaging key stakeholders in decision-making throughout whole implementation process (Including pre-delivery of intervention)
F5.2 Appointed community-based members as leaders
F5.3 Designed using existing resources and context characteristics
F5.4 Involvement of experts to tailor intervention
F5.5 Using theoretical model to inform recruitment strategies
F5.6 Support and research staff checking in with program staff facilitated problem solving and feedback loops
F5.7 Use of wide variety of strategies to implement the intervention
F5.8 Enough time for preparation before delivery
F5.9 Collaborative effort built into design