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Table. 1 United States Health and Environmental Warning Label Survey, Participant characteristics (n = 1,235) from June-July 2020

From: Testing front-of-package warnings to discourage red meat consumption: a randomized experiment with US meat consumers

Characteristic n = 1, 235
Age, Mean (SD) 44 (17)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 644 (53)
 Female 575 (47)
Race, n (%)a
 White 939 (76)
 Black or African American 123 (10)
 Asian 76 (6)
 Pacific Islander 6 (1)
 Native American or Alaskan Native 19 (2)
 Mixed Race/Multiple Races 44 (4)
 Other Race Not Listed 28 (2)
Ethnicity, n (%)b
 Not Hispanic/Latinx 1,077 (87)
 Hispanic/Latinx 157 (13)
Education Level, n (%)
 High School Diploma or Less 455 (38)
 Associate or Technical Degree 249 (20)
 4-year College Degree 334 (27)
 Master’s, Graduate, or Higher 185 (15)
Household Income, annual, n (%)
 Less than $25,000 280 (23)
 $25,000 to $49,999 299 (24)
 $50,000 to $74,999 235 (19)
 $75,000 to $99,999 162 (13)
 $100,000 or more 256 (21)
Political Affiliation, n (%)
 Liberal 317 (26)
 Moderate 524 (42)
 Conservative 392 (32)
Regular 30 Day Red Meat Consumption Frequency, n (%)
 1 time per week or less 136 (27)
 2–3 times per week 509 (41)
 4 or more times per week 397 (32)
Believe that Human Activity is Main Cause of Climate Change, n (%)
 Strongly Disagree 92 (8)
 Somewhat Disagree 91 (7)
 Neither Agree nor Disagree 240 (20)
 Somewhat agree 345 (28)
 Strongly agree 462 (38)
  1. aRace had a ‘check all that apply’ response scale. Participants that checked more than one race were summed and included in the ‘Mixed Race/Multiple Races’ category
  2. bHispanic/Latinx identity was measured separate from race and had a binary yes/no response