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Table 2 Mental wellbeing, self-regulation and inhibitory control measures at 5 years of age (n = 528)

From: Adherence to 24-h movement behavior guidelines and psychosocial functioning in young children: a longitudinal analysis

Outcome Subscale n Possible minimum and maximum scores Mean (SD)
Mental wellbeing and adaptive skillsa Depression 528 0 to 33 7.2 (3.5)
Anxiety 528 0 to 39 8.8 (4.6)
Resilience 528 0 to 36 25.6 (4.8)
Self-regulationa Attentional problems 528 0 to 18 6.4 (2.5)
Hyperactivity 528 0 to 33 9.5 (4.0)
Emotional self-control 528 0 to 24 18.6 (3.1)
Executive functioning 528 0 to 39 27.0 (4.2)
Inhibitory controlb Statue 463 0 to 30 17.1 (8.8)
Head-toes-knees-shoulders 463 0 to 60 27 (7, 40)c
  1. aMental wellbeing, adaptive skills, and self-regulation all assessed using the Behavioral Assessment System for children (BASC-2) [34], with higher scores reflecting higher levels of construct
  2. bInhibitory control assessed using laboratory based tasks. The ‘Statue’ assessment from the NeuroPSYchological Assessment (NEPSY-2) [35] was scored from 0 (movements throughout assessment) to 30 (no movements). The Heads-toes-knees-shoulder [36] assessment was scored from 0 (all incorrect with no self-correction) to 60 (all correct)
  3. cmedian (25th, 75th percentile) reported for Head-toes-knees-shoulders assessment because of right-skew