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Table 3 Risk of metabolic syndrome and its components by DM slope and DM intercept in children and adolescents

From: Media use trajectories and risk of metabolic syndrome in European children and adolescents: the IDEFICS/I.Family cohort

Metabolic outcomes a DM use   Analysis Population   Boys   Girls
N Unadjusted OR (95% CI) N Adjusted OR (95% CI) b N Adjusted OR (95% CI) c N Adjusted OR (95% CI) c
Abdominal obesity Slope d 8114 1.00 (0.89–1.13) 7966 1.05 (0.92–1.19) 3966 0.97 (0.81–1.16) 4000 1.12 (0.94–1.34)
Intercept   1.49 (1.32–1.67)   1.53 (1.35–1.75)   1.30 (1.09–1.56)   1.85 (1.53–2.24)
High BP e Slope 8425 1.01 (0.89–1.14) 7693 1.04 (0.91–1.20) 3809 1.13 (0.94–1.36) 3884 0.96 (0.78–1.17)
Intercept   1.18 (1.04–1.33)   1.08 (0.94–1.25)   1.15 (0.96–1.38)   1.01 (0.81–1.26)
Dyslipidemia Slope 6248 1.07 (0.93–1.23) 5001 1.00 (0.85–1.18) 2469 1.04 (0.82–1.32) 2532 0.93 (0.73–1.17)
Intercept   1.30 (1.14–1.48)   1.28 (1.08–1.51)   1. 42 (1.13–1.78)   1.08 (0.84–1.39)
Insulin resistance Slope 6797 0.96 (0.85–1.09) 5435 1.00 (0.87–1.16) 2728 1.22 (1.00–1.50) 2707 0.83 (0.68–1.02)
Intercept   1.35 (1.20–1.52)   1.16 (1.00–1.35)   1.15 (0.93–1.41)   1.12 (0.90–1.41)
MetS Slope 6843 1.21 (1.01–1.46) 5288 1.30 (1.04–1.62) 2636 1.62 (1.17–2.24) 2652 1.08 (0.80–1.47)
Intercept   1.55 (1.30–1.84)   1.50 (1.21–1.85)   1.58 (1.20–2.11)   1.35 (0.97–1.87)
  1. a The reference category for the metabolic outcomes is below the monitoring level
  2. b Models are adjusted for age (continuous), sex, pubertal status, country, parental ISCED, HDAS, snack frequency intake, observation period, and abdominal obesity (when BP, IR and dyslipidemia were modeled). Bold significance is provided via confidence limits
  3. c Models are adjusted for all covariates, besides sex (and physical activity variables)
  4. d Slope was used as a categorical variable (above vs. below population mean random slope)
  5. e BP-blood pressure, MetS- metabolic syndrome, DM- digital media