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Table 3 Intervention effect over time between the two intervention groups and control group on HbA1c

From: Effects of a three-armed randomised controlled trial using self-monitoring of daily steps with and without counselling in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes—the Sophia Step Study

  Intervention effect at 3 months (95% CI) Intervention effect at 6 months (95% CI) Intervention effect at 12 months (95% CI) Intervention effect at 18 months (95% CI) Intervention effect at 24 months (95% CI)
Multi-component intervention vs. control group
 HbA1c (mmol/mol) 0.1 (-3.4 to 3.6) -1.3 (-4.8 to 2.2) 0.6 (-2.9 to 4.1) 0.1 (-3.4 to 3.6) 1.1 (-2.4 to 4.6)
Single-component intervention vs. control group
 HbA1c (mmol/mol) 1.4 (-2.2 to 5.0) 0.3 (-3.3 to 3.9) 2.1 (-1.5 to 5.7) 2.1 (-1.6 to 5.7) 3.1 (-0.5 to 6.7)
  1. Effect sizes and 95% confidence interval (CI) from the robust repeated linear mixed model analysis