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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Understanding socioeconomic differences in metabolic syndrome remission among adults: what is the mediating role of health behaviors?

Characteristics Study population (n = 16,818)a Missing values (%)
Demographic
 Age (years), mean (SD) 53.4 (12.1) 0
 Sex (female) 48.5 0
Socioeconomic
 Education (years), mean (SD) 11.3 (2.5) 3.0
  Lowb 44.6  
  Middleb 32.7  
  Highb 19.7  
 Occupational prestige (SIOPS08), mean (SD) 41.7 (13.3) 6.3
 Household equivalized income (euros), mean (SD) 1563.3 (561.3) 20.3
Metabolic syndrome indicators, meeting conditionc
 Waist circumferenced 79.1 0
 Triglyceride levele 76.9 0
 HDL cholesterolf 69.5 0
 Blood pressureg 76.6 0
 Glucose levelh 49.3 0.8
Health behaviors
 Physical activityi 53.5 11.8
 Smoking   3.8
  Never 35.2  
  Past 41.3  
  Current 19.7  
 Alcohol intakej   5.2
  None 23.0  
  Moderate 35.8  
  Excessive 36.0  
 Diet qualityk   15.2
  Poor 7.5  
  Moderate 69.2  
  High 8.2  
  1. SD Standard deviation, SIOPS08 Standard International Occupational Prestige Scale 2008, HDL High-density lipoprotein, LLDS Lifelines Diet Score; a % presented, unless indicated otherwise; b Categories according to Dutch Standard Education Format [34]; c According to definition of metabolic syndrome by NCEP ATP III; d ≥ 102 cm in male or ≥ 88 cm in female; e ≥ 1.70 mmol/l or use of medication for elevated triglycerides; f <  1.0 mmol/L in male, < 1.3 mmol/L in female or use of lipid-lowering medication; g Systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmHg or use of blood pressure-lowering medication; h Fasting blood glucose level ≥ 5.6 mmol/l, diagnosis of type 2 diabetes or use of blood glucose-lowering medication; i Complies with norm of at least 30 min of moderately intensive exercise at least 5 days a week; j ‘none’ alcohol intake 0 glasses, ‘moderate’ alcohol intake ≤1 glass per day on average, without binge drinking (i.e., >3 glasses on one day for females and >4 glasses on one day for males), or ‘excessive’ alcohol intake >1 glass per day on average, or binge drinking; k According to Lifelines Diet Score: ‘poor’ diet quality (LLDS 1–16), ‘moderate’ diet quality (LLDS 17–32) or ‘high’ diet quality (LLDS 33–48)