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Table 5 Multivariable associations between changes between baseline and 12-month in PA, sedentary time, and diet, and change between baseline and 12-month in body weight in the EuroFIT study

From: Contributions of changes in physical activity, sedentary time, diet and body weight to changes in cardiometabolic risk

Model 2 (multivariable – changes in PA variables and diet)
(n = 707)
  β-coefficient 95% CI p R2 Model R2
Change in number of steps (steps per day)a -0.42 (-0.58, -0.26) <0.0005 5.1% 10.3
Change in standing time (min.day-1)a 0.05 (-0.02, 0.13) 0.145 0.2%  
Change in sedentary time (min.day-1)a 0.03 (-0.02, 0.10) 0.216 0.2%  
Change in fatty food score 0.14 (0.07, 0.22) <0.0005 3.1%  
Change in sugary food score 0.20 (0.05, 0.35) 0.006 0.6%  
Change in fruit and vegetable score -0.17 (-0.30, -0.03) 0.011 0.8%  
Change in alcohol intake (units.week-1) 0.05 (-0.02, 0.12) 0.184 0.3%  
Model 3 (multivariable, Model 2 plus baseline values and group membership)
(n = 707)
Change in number of steps (steps per day)a -0.44 (-0.62, -0.27) <0.0005 5.1% 17.2
Change in standing time (min.day-1)a 0.04 (-0.04, 0.12) 0.343 0.2%  
Change in sedentary time (min.day-1)a 0.02 (-0.04, 0.09) 0.464 0.2%  
Change in fatty food score 0.20 (0.11, 0.28) <0.0005 3.1%  
Change in sugary food score 0.30 (0.11, 0.49) 0.001 0.6%  
Change in fruit and vegetable score -0.18 (-0.33, -0.02) 0.021 0.8%  
Change in alcohol intake (units.week-1) 0.05 (-0.02, 0.14) 0.183 0.2%  
Baseline number of steps (steps per day)a -0.14 (-0.30, 0.007) 0.061 0.2%  
Baseline standing time (min.day-1)a -0.01 (-0.09, 0.07) 0.765 0.1%  
Baseline sedentary time (min.day-1)a -0.01 (-0.08, 0.05) 0.602 0%  
Baseline fatty food score 0.14 (0.05, 0.23) 0.002 1.8%  
Baseline sugary food score 0.17 (0.005, 0.353) 0.043 0.7%  
Baseline fruit and vegetable score -0.06 (-0.24, 0.11) 0.490 0.1%  
Baseline alcohol intake (units.week-1) 0.01 (-0.04, 0.07) 0.610 0%  
Baseline body weight (kg) -0.06 (-0.08,-0.03) <0.0005 2.7%  
Group (1 intervention, 2 comparison) 1.44 (0.58, 2.29) 0.001 1.3%  
  1. aData presented as β-coefficient and 95% CI for change in weight per 1000 steps per day, and 10 min change in standing time and sedentary time.