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Table 2 Clinical and patient-centred Implementation outcomes

From: Clinical and patient-centered implementation outcomes of mHealth interventions for type 2 diabetes in low-and-middle income countries: a systematic review

Study Clinical Outcomes Patient-centred Implementation outcomes
Anzaldo et al. [44] HbA1c, TC, LDL-c, HDL-c, BMI, SBP, DBP Feasibility, Appropriateness, Acceptability
Chai et al. [45] FPG ≤ 7 mmol/l, PPG ≤ 10 mmol/l, HbA1c level ≤ 7%. Feasibility, Appropriateness
Chao et al. [46] Hb, HbA1c, weight, BMI Feasibility, Appropriateness
Dong et al. [47] FPG, 2hPG, HbA1c Feasibility
Doocy et al. [48] HbA1c, BP, FBG Feasibility
Fottrell et al. [49] PA, BP, HR, Waist Circumference, weight, Height, QoL, Urine Cotinine Feasibility, Acceptability, Cost
Goodarzi et al. [51] BMI, L-FBG, HbA1c, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, BUN, Cra, SE, SBP, DBP, Feasibility, Appropriateness
Gunawardena et al. [50] HbA1c Feasibility
Haddad et al. [52] Knowledge, HbA1c, cost Feasibility, Acceptability, Cost, Appropriateness
Huo et al. [53] Primary: HbA1c, Secondary: FBG, LDL, LDL-C, SBP, BMI, PA Feasibility, Appropriateness, Cost
Islam et al. [74] HbA1c Feasibility
Kumar et al. [55] FBG, TC, BMI, BP Feasibility
Li et al. [56] BMI, hemoglobin HbA1c, HOMA-IR, Resting heart rate (bpmc), Step test (bpm) Muscle strength Feasibility
Liao et al. [57] Heart rate Acceptability, Feasibility, Appropriateness
Limaye et al. [58] BMI, weight, waist circumference, BP, FBG, LDL-C, HDL-C Acceptability, Feasibility, Cost, Sustainability
Owolabi et al. [60] Diet adherence, PA adherence Acceptability, Feasibility, Appropriateness
Owolabi et al. [61] RBS, BMI, SBP, DBP Acceptability, Feasibility
Patnaik et al. [62] HbA1c Feasibility, Appropriateness
Peimani et al. [63] HbA1c, FBG, LDL-C, HDL-C, SCI, BMI, DMSES Feasibility
Pichayapinyo et al. [64] HbA1c, FBG Feasibility, Acceptability
Pfammatter et al. [65] Fruit, vegetable and fat consumption; Exercises Feasibility, Acceptability
Rasoul et al [66] FBG, BMI, SBP, DBP Feasibility
Rotheram-Borus et al [67] HbA1c, BMI, BP Feasibility
Shahid et al. [68] HbA1c, LDL Feasibility
Steinman et al. [69] FBG, SBP, DBP Feasibility, Sustainability
Sun et al [70] HbA1c, PBG, FBG, BMI, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C Cr, AST Feasibility
Wang et al. [71] HbA1c, FPG Appropriateness, Feasibility
Yasmin et al. [72] FBS: < 7.0 mmol/L, and the PPG 2 h after breakfast < 11.1 mmol/L Feasibility
Zhou et al. [73] HbA1c, BP, LDL-C, weight, BG,
Satisfaction, T2DM knowledge
  1. AST aspartate transaminase; BG Blood Glucose; BMI Body Mass Index; BP Blood pressure; Cr Creatinine; DSME Diabetes Self-Management and Education; FBG Fasting Blood glucose; FBS Fasting Blood Glucose; FU follow-up; HbA1c Glycated Haemoglobin; HDL-c High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol; I1 First Intervention Arm; I2 Second Intervention Arm; IPMF interactive personalized management framework; IVR Interactive Voice Response; LDL-c Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol; Med medication; Mos Months; NO Number of; NP Not Provided; OP outpatient; PA Physical Activity; PBG Post prandial Blood Glucose; PCHR Personally controlled health record; TC Total cholesterol; TG Triglycerides