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Table 4 Health behaviors and weight status (means) by ethnicity/race, among adolescents (EAT 2010) and young adults (EAT 2018)

From: How is weight teasing cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with health behaviors and weight status among ethnically/racially and socioeconomically diverse young people?

Adolescence (EAT 2010)
Outcome Cohen’s d Statistic Asian American Black/African American Latinx/ Hispanic Mixed/ Other White p-value
Screen Time (hours/week) 0.23 38.1 ± 23.0a 42.4 ± 31.1b 34.9 ± 22.5a 43.8 ± 29.9b 38.8 ± 23.9a  < 0.001
MVPA (hours/week) 0.32 5.3 ± 4.1ab 5.5 ± 5.5ac 4.8 ± 3.9b 6.2 ± 5.1 cd 7.0 ± 4.1d  < 0.001
Sleep duration (hours/night) 0.09 8.5 ± 1.1a 8.5 ± 1.5a 8.4 ± 1.2a 8.6 ± 1.2a 8.6 ± 1.5a 0.511
Breakfast intake (days/week) 0.22 4.0 ± 2.3a 4.3 ± 3.0a 4.0 ± 2.6a 4.3 ± 2.7a 4.8 ± 2.3b  < 0.001
Fruit intake (servings/day) 0.25 1.9 ± 1.6a 2.3 ± 2.1b 2.3 ± 1.8b 2.4 ± 2.0b 1.9 ± 1.3a  < 0.001
Vegetable intake (servings/day) 0.13 1.2 ± 1.0a 1.3 ± 1.6ab 1.4 ± 1.4b 1.4 ± 1.3ab 1.3 ± 1.0ab 0.192
SSB intake (servings/week) 0.43 3.5 ± 4.2a 6.9 ± 7.7b 5.2 ± 5.5 cd 6.0 ± 6.8bc 4.7 ± 4.9d  < 0.001
Fast-Food intake (times/month) 0.46 9.4 ± 11.8a 17.4 ± 20.9b 11.9 ± 13.0c 14.7 ± 15.5d 9.6 ± 8.2ac  < 0.001
BMI-for-age (percentile) 0.20 69.7 ± 25.9a 69.3 ± 32.5a 72.7 ± 26.1a 71.0 ± 28.4a 64.0 ± 25.3b 0.004
Young Adulthood (EAT 2018)
Outcome Cohen’s d Statistic Asian American Black/African American Latinx/ Hispanic Mixed/ Other White p -value
Screen Time (hours/week) 0.20 27.4 ± 11.7a 24.1 ± 13.9b 24.3 ± 11.5b 25.2 ± 13.0b 25.1 ± 10.3b 0.005
MVPA (hours/week) 0.26 3.7 ± 3.5a 4.2 ± 4.5ab 4.4 ± 3.9bc 4.8 ± 4.9 cd 5.2 ± 3.8d  < 0.001
Sleep duration (hours/night) 0.14 8.5 ± 1.4ab 8.6 ± 2.0ac 8.4 ± 1.5abc 8.6 ± 1.5ac 8.3 ± 1.1b 0.128
Breakfast intake (days/week) 0.20 3.3 ± 2.3a 3.7 ± 2.6ab 4.0 ± 2.4bc 3.5 ± 2.3ac 4.0 ± 2.3b 0.004
Fruit intake (servings/day) 0.29 1.7 ± 1.6a 1.9 ± 2.0ab 2.1 ± 1.8bc 2.4 ± 2.3c 1.7 ± 1.3a  < 0.001
Vegetable intake (servings/day) 0.15 2.1 ± 1.6ab 2.0 ± 2.0b 2.4 ± 1.8a 2.1 ± 1.7ab 2.2 ± 1.5ab 0.163
SSB intake (servings/week) 0.18 3.0 ± 3.7a 3.9 ± 5.9b 3.9 ± 4.8b 3.9 ± 5.2b 4.0 ± 4.8b 0.044
Fast-Food intake (times/month) 0.44 11.2 ± 12.2a 19.1 ± 19.2b 14.0 ± 12.3 cd 15.5 ± 15.0d 11.7 ± 10.2ac  < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 0.23 27.4 ± 6.0abc 27.1 ± 8.3b 28.3 ± 6.8ac 27.5 ± 7.9abc 25.8 ± 5.8d  < 0.001
  1. ANOVA tests used to examine differences in unadjusted means by ethnicity/race
  2. abcdWithin each outcome, cells that share a superscript do not significantly differ at p < 0.05
  3. Bold values indicate statistical significance at p < 0.05
  4. MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, SSB Sugar-sweetened beverage, BMI Body mass index