Skip to main content

Table 5 Health behaviors and weight status (means) by socioeconomic status among adolescents (EAT 2010) and young adults (EAT 2018)

From: How is weight teasing cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with health behaviors and weight status among ethnically/racially and socioeconomically diverse young people?

Adolescence (EAT 2010)
Outcome Cohen’s d Statistic Low SES Middle SES High SES p-value
Screen Time (hours/week) 0.05 39.3 ± 26.3a 40.9 ± 27.0a 40.0 ± 24.7a 0.594
MVPA (hours/week) 0.24 5.2 ± 4.7a 5.8 ± 4.6b 6.7 ± 4.2c  < 0.001
Sleep duration (hours/night) 0.20 8.4 ± 1.3a 8.6 ± 1.3b 8.6 ± 0.97b  < 0.001
Breakfast intake (days/week) 0.29 3.9 ± 2.6a 4.2 ± 2.6a 4.9 ± 2.3b  < 0.001
Fruit intake (servings/day) 0.06 2.1 ± 1.8a 2.2 ± 1.8a 2.1 ± 1.4a 0.500
Vegetable intake (servings/day) 0.11 1.3 ± 1.3a 1.4 ± 1.4a 1.4 ± 1.1a 0.133
SSB intake (servings/week) 0.25 6.0 ± 6.5a 5.5 ± 6.2a 4.0 ± 4.5b  < 0.001
Fast-Food intake (times/month) 0.16 13.6 ± 16.6a 13.5 ± 15.3a 10.6 ± 9.5b 0.008
BMI-for-age (percentile) 0.31 72.3 ± 28.1a 70.6 ± 26.5a 60.9 ± 27.6b  < 0.001
Young Adulthood (EAT 2018)
Outcome Cohen’s d Statistic Low SES Middle SES High SES p-value
Screen Time (hours/week) 0.09 25.5 ± 13.0a 25.6 ± 12.1a 24.3 ± 10.3a 0.249
MVPA (hours/week) 0.20 4.0 ± 4.1a 4.5 ± 4.2a 5.1 ± 3.9b  < 0.001
Sleep duration (hours/night) 0.11 8.5 ± 1.6a 8.5 ± 1.6a 8.3 ± 1.2a 0.132
Breakfast intake (days/week) 0.17 3.6 ± 2.4a 3.7 ± 2.4a 4.1 ± 2.2b 0.004
Fruit intake (servings/day) 0.09 2.0 ± 1.9a 2.0 ± 1.8a 1.8 ± 1.6a 0.276
Vegetable intake (servings/day) 0.12 2.0 ± 1.7a 2.2 ± 1.8a 2.2 ± 1.6a 0.115
SSB intake (servings/week) 0.06 3.9 ± 5.1a 3.7 ± 4.8a 3.6 ± 4.6a 0.579
Fast-Food intake (times/month) 0.20 16.0 ± 16.5a 14.7 ± 14.5a 12.1 ± 10.0b  < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 0.34 28.2 ± 7.7a 27.2 ± 6.7b 25.1 ± 5.7c  < 0.001
  1. ANOVA tests used to examine differences in unadjusted means by socioeconomic status
  2. abcWithin each outcome, cells that share a superscript do not significantly differ at p < 0.05
  3. Bold values indicate statistical significance at p < 0.05
  4. SES Socioeconomic status, MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, SSB Sugar-sweetened beverage, BMI Body mass index