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Table 6 Relationships of health behaviors by weight teasing status in young people, effect sizes and marginal means, for variables with evidence of effect modification by ethnicity/race or socioeconomic status, stratified models

From: How is weight teasing cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with health behaviors and weight status among ethnically/racially and socioeconomically diverse young people?

Outcome Cohen’s d Statistic Marginal Mean (95% CI) p-value Cohen’s d Statistic Marginal Mean (95% CI) p-value
   Not Teased Teased    Not Teased Teased  
  Black/African American White
EAT 2010 Cross-Sectional
 MVPA (hours/week) 0.30 6.0 (5.4, 6.6) 4.6 (3.6, 5.5) 0.012 0.14 6.8 (6.2, 7.4) 7.5 (6.7, 8.4) 0.181
EAT 2018 Cross-Sectional
 Sleep duration (hours/night) 0.42 8.9 (8.6, 9.1) 8.2 (7.9, 8.5) 0.003 0.02 8.3 (8.2, 8.5) 8.3 (8.1, 8.5) 0.884
Longitudinal (EAT 2010–2018)
 Screen Time (hours/week) 0.30 25.2 (23.7, 26.8) 21.3 (18.8, 23.7) 0.009 0.06 24.8 (23.4, 26.2) 25.5 (23.5, 27.5) 0.592
 Vegetable intake (servings/day) 0.21 1.9 (1.6, 2.2) 2.3 (1.8, 2.7) 0.128 0.19 2.3 (2.1, 2.6) 2.0 (1.7, 2.3) 0.106
 SSB intake (servings/week) 0.18 4.0 (3.2, 4.8) 3.0 (1.7 4.3) 0.188 0.16 3.7 (2.9, 4.4) 4.6 (3.5, 5.6) 0.161
  Asian American White
EAT 2010 Cross-Sectional
 Vegetable intake (servings/day) 0.11 1.3 (1.3, 1.5) 1.2 (1.0, 1.4) 0.326 0.26 1.2 (1.1, 1.4) 1.6 (1.3, 1.8) 0.020
  Middle SES High SES
EAT 2018 Cross-Sectional
 MVPA (hours/week) 0.22 4.9 (4.5, 5.4) 4.0 (3.4, 4.5) 0.009 0.08 5.0 (4.4, 5.6) 5.4 (4.7, 6.1) 0.289
 Breakfast intake (days/week)a 0.31 4.0 (3.7, 4.2) 3.2 (2.9, 3.5)  < 0.001 0.14 4.3 (4.0, 4.6) 3.9 (3.5, 4.3) 0.186
 Fast-Food intake (times/month) 0.18 14.8 (13.0, 16.6) 17.6 (15.6, 19.6) 0.258 0.38 12.2 (10.7, 13.7) 17.7 (15.9, 19.6)  < 0.001
  1. aLow SES results: d = 0.05, Not Teased: 3.5 (3.2, 3.8); Teased: 3.6 (3.3, 3.9); p = 0.548
  2. Interaction terms were added to the fully adjusted models to test for effect modification by ethnicity/race and SES. If interaction terms were statistically significant (p < 0.1), stratified models were examined and results are displayed here
  3. Cross-sectional models adjusted for ethnicity/race, socioeconomic status, gender, and weight status
  4. Longitudinal models adjusted for ethnicity/race, socioeconomic status, gender, outcome assessed at baseline, and weight status
  5. Gender assessed at follow-up; other covariates assessed at baseline. Weighted analyses
  6. Bold values indicate statistical significance at p < 0.05
  7. SES Socioeconomic status, MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, SSB Sugar-sweetened beverage