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Table 2 Comparison of individual characteristics of participants who rebalanced their meat and legume consumptions and those who reduced their meat consumption but who did not increase their legume consumption (multivariable logistic regression, NutriNet-Santé 2009–2018, n = 22,567)

From: Rebalancing meat and legume consumption: change-inducing food choice motives and associated individual characteristics in non-vegetarian adults

  Rebalance in meat and legumes (n = 13,620) Meat reduction and no legume increase (n = 8947)   Rebalance in meat and legumes vs. Meat reduction and no legume increase
n % n % p OR 95% CI p
Sex      < 0.0001    < 0.0001
 Men 2742 20.1 2396 26.8   REF REF  
 Women 10,878 79.9 6551 73.2   1.392 [1.3; 1.49]  
Age      < 0.0001    < 0.0001
 [18–30[ 530 3.9 295 3.3   REF REF  
 [30–50[ 4286 31.5 2425 27.1   0.97 [0.83; 1.14]  
 [50–65[ 4921 36.1 3093 34.6   0.98 [0.83; 1.16]  
 [65 + [ 3883 28.5 3134 35.0   0.842 [0.71; 1]  
Monthly household income classes      0.0032    0.0084
  < 1200 € 1790 13.1 1246 13.9   REF REF  
 1200–1800 € 2663 19.6 1782 19.9   1.08 [0.98; 1.19]  
 1800–2700 € 3156 23.2 2095 23.4   1.091 [0.99; 1.2]  
  > 2700 € 4736 34.8 2906 32.5   1.131 [1.03; 1.24]  
 Refused to declare 1275 9.4 918 10.3   0.955 [0.85; 1.07]  
Socioprofessional category      < 0.0001    0.002
 Self-employed, farmer, employee, manual worker 3178 23.3 2508 28.0   REF REF  
 Intermediate profession 3405 25.0 2073 23.2   1.163 [1.07; 1.26]  
 Managerial staff, intellectual profession 5768 42.4 3572 39.9   1.031 [0.95; 1.12]  
 No occupation 161 1.2 112 1.3   0.975 [0.75; 1.27]  
 Unemployed 1108 8.1 682 7.6   1.094 [0.98; 1.22]  
Educational level      < 0.0001    < 0.0001
 None or Primary 152 1.1 192 2.2   REF REF  
 Secondary 2884 21.2 2751 30.8   1.225 [0.98; 1.53]  
 Undergraduate and others 4560 33.5 2733 30.6   1.788 [1.43; 2.23]  
 Post graduate 6024 44.2 3271 36.6   2.009 [1.6; 2.52]  
Household composition      < 0.0001    
 Alone without children 2450 18.0 1642 18.4   NA NA  
 Alone with at least one child 891 6.5 639 7.1   NA NA  
 Two adults living as a couple  without children 5530 40.6 3821 42.7   NA NA  
 Two adults living as a couple with at least one child 4493 33.0 2681 30.0   NA NA  
 Two or more adults without children 256 1.9 164 1.8   NA NA  
Size of the urban residence unit      0.0002    
 Rural 2854 21.0 2002 22.4   NA NA  
  < 20,000 inhabitants 2035 14.9 1376 15.4   NA NA  
 20,000–200,000 inhabitants 2449 18.0 1707 19.1   NA NA  
  > 200,000 inhabitants 6282 46.1 3862 43.2   NA NA  
Latest weight-loss diet followed      0.001    
 No declared diet 5370 39.4 3317 37.1   NA NA  
  < 5 years 1005 7.4 651 7.3   NA NA  
  > 5 years 7245 53.2 4979 55.7   NA NA  
  1. 1p for chi2 test
  2. 2p represented the overall significance of each variable (Type III analysis of effects), adjusted also on BMI (data not shown)