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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted associations of sociodemographic characteristics with adherence to the no-screen guideline for toddlers among parents from the Elfe birth cohort

From: Sociodemographic and behavioural factors of adherence to the no-screen guideline for toddlers among parents from the French nationwide Elfe birth cohort

    Unadjusted models with complete cases Adjusted model with complete casesa (n = 11,438) Adjusted model with multiple imputationa
(n = 13,117)
   % (n) OR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Maternal age
   ≤ 30 years 11.5 (486) 0.59 (0.48, 0.73) 0.61 (0.48, 0.77) 0.66 (0.54, 0.82)
  31–40 years 14.6 (1,183) 0.77 (0.64, 0.94) 0.70 (0.57, 0.87) 0.75 (0.62, 0.92)
   > 40 years 18.1 (140) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Maternal educational attainment
   < high school 11.2 (254) 0.61 (0.53, 0.71) 0.70 (0.57, 0.85) 0.71 (0.59, 0.85)
  Completed high school-2 years university 11.5 (606) 0.63 (0.56, 0.70) 0.71 (0.62, 0.80) 0.71 (0.63, 0.81)
   ≥ 3 years university 17.1 (909) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Paternal educational attainment
  Below high school 11.9 (357) 0.65 (0.56, 0.74) 0.81 (0.69, 0.95) 0.84 (0.71, 0.99)
  Completed high school-2 years university 11.4 (526) 0.62 (0.55, 0.70) 0.72 (0.63, 0.82) 0.74 (0.65, 0.85)
   ≥ 3 years university 17.3 (720) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Type of household
  Parents living together 14.1 (1,765) 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Parents not living together 7.5 (43) 0.50 (0.36, 0.68) 0.64 (0.33, 1.23) 0.58 (0.42, 0.80)
Parental migration status
  No immigrant parent 14.2 (1,542) 1.00 1.00 1.00
  1 immigrant parent 13.1 (208) 0.91 (0.78, 1.07) 0.87 (0.73, 1.04) 0.89 (0.76, 1.05)
  2 immigrant parents 8.7 (58) 0.58 (0.44, 0.76) 0.50 (0.35, 0.71) 0.56 (0.42, 0.74)
Household income
  First quintile 12.1 (291) 0.80 (0.68, 0.95)   
  Second quintile 13.2 (335) 0.89 (0.76, 1.05)   
  Third quintile 13.6 (333) 0.93 (0.79, 1.09)   
  Fourth quintile 14.6 (362) 1.00 (0.86, 1.18)   
  Fifth quintile 14.6 (368) 1.00   
Parental employment status
  Both employed 14.2 (1,402) 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Only father employed 13.1 (243) 0.91 (0.79, 1.06) 1.03 (0.85, 1.23) 1.01 (0.85, 1.21)
  Only mother employed 16.0 (79) 1.15 (0.90, 1.48) 1.09 (0.82, 1.45) 1.23 (0.96, 1.58)
  Both inactive 15.4 (39) 1.10 (0.78, 1.56) 1.48 (0.98, 2.25) 1.39 (0.97, 1.99)
Area of residence
  Urban 13.7 (1,118) 1.02 (0.91, 1.13) 1.40 (1.05, 1.87) 1.31 (1.00, 1.73)
  Suburban 13.5 (607) 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Isolated 16.3 (68) 1.24 (0.94, 1.63) 1.01 (0.90, 1.14) 0.94 (0.84, 1.05)
Birth order
  First born 13.6 (810) 1.00   
  Later born 13.9 (999) 1.02 (0.93, 1.13)   
Child sex
  Boy 13.5 (896) 0.94 (0.86, 1.04) 0.92 (0.82, 1.02) 0.93 (0.85, 1.03)
  Girl 14.1 (913) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Number of children living in the household
  0 15.2 (656) 1.00 1.00 1.00
  1–2 14.1 (1,043) 1.08 (0.97, 1.20) 1.00 (0.89, 1.13) 1.04 (0.93, 1.16)
   > 2 15.4 (110) 1.21 (0.97, 1.50) 1.20 (0.93, 1.55) 1.22 (0.96, 1.54)
Type of childcare
  Parents 13.0 (487) 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Grandparents 8.6 (50) 0.63 (0.47, 0.86) 0.63 (0.44, 0.90) 0.64 (0.47, 0.88)
  Childminder/nanny 13.8 (814) 1.08 (0.95, 1.22) 0.99 (0.85, 1.16) 0.96 (0.83, 1.11)
  Day-care centre 15.9 (458) 1.27 (1.11, 1.46) 1.13 (0.95, 1.35) 1.13 (0.96, 1.32)
Season of survey
  Spring 12.4 (248) 0.76 (0.65, 0.89) 0.78 (0.66, 0.93) 0.75 (0.64, 0.89)
  Summer 15.7 (527) 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Autumn 13.4 (504) 0.83 (0.73, 0.95) 0.84 (0.73, 0.97) 0.82 (0.72, 0.94)
  Winter 13.2 (530) 0.82 (0.72, 0.93) 0.80 (0.69, 0.92) 0.81 (0.71, 0.93)
  1. aAdjusted models were mutually adjusted for all variables shown in the table except household income and birth order