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  1. Depression imposes immense public health burden, demonstrating an urgent need of the identification of modifiable risk factors. Only a few cohort studies have analyzed the association between Mediterranean die...

    Authors: Weiyao Yin, Marie Löf, Ruoqing Chen, Christina M. Hultman, Fang Fang and Sven Sandin

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:153

    Content type: Research

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  2. Although it is globally known that Japan has high prevalence of active school travel among children, there are few international studies on Japanese children’s school travel. Moreover, only few studies have fo...

    Authors: Kimihiro Hino, Erika Ikeda, Saiko Sadahiro and Shigeru Inoue

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:152

    Content type: Research

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  3. Physically active learning (PAL) - integration of movement within delivery of academic content - is a core component of many whole-of-school physical activity approaches. Yet, PAL intervention methods and stra...

    Authors: Andrew Daly-Smith, Jade L. Morris, Emma Norris, Toni L. Williams, Victoria Archbold, Jouni Kallio, Tuija H. Tammelin, Amika Singh, Jorge Mota, Jesper von Seelen, Caterina Pesce, Jo Salmon, Heather McKay, John Bartholomew and Geir Kare Resaland

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:151

    Content type: Research

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  4. Delhaize, a major Belgian retailer, started implementing electronic shelf labels (ESL) with Nutri-Score since May 2019. Nutri-Score rates the healthfulness of packaged foods with five colours/letters from red/...

    Authors: Stefanie Vandevijvere and Nicolas Berger

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:150

    Content type: Research

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  5. Mental health among young people in many countries, including Norway, seems to be deteriorating. Physical activity (PA) has been positively associated with mental health. However, methodological issues related...

    Authors: Ingeborg Barth Vedøy, Knut Ragnvald Skulberg, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen, Morten Wang Fagerland, Hege Eikeland Tjomsland and Miranda Thurston

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:149

    Content type: Research

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  6. Digital technologies such as wearables, websites and mobile applications are increasingly used in interventions targeting physical activity (PA). Increasing access to such technologies makes an attractive pros...

    Authors: Max J. Western, Miranda E. G. Armstrong, Ishrat Islam, Kelly Morgan, Una F. Jones and Mark J. Kelson

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:148

    Content type: Review

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  7. Although the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) strongly varies based on individuals’ socioeconomic position (SEP), as yet no studies have examined the SEP-MetS remission relationship. Our aim is to longit...

    Authors: Liza A. Hoveling, Aart C. Liefbroer, Ute Bültmann and Nynke Smidt

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:147

    Content type: Research

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  8. Low attendance and engagement in behavioural weight management trials are common. Mental health may play an important role, however previous research exploring this association is limited with inconsistent fin...

    Authors: Rebecca A. Jones, Julia Mueller, Stephen J. Sharp, Ann Vincent, Robbie Duschinsky, Simon J. Griffin and Amy L. Ahern

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:146

    Content type: Research

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  9. Time spent in movement behaviours, including physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and sleep, across the 24-h day may have distinct health consequences. We aimed to describe 24-h movement behaviour ...

    Authors: Natarajan Padmapriya, Bozhi Chen, Claire Marie Jie Lin Goh, Lynette Pei Chi Shek, Yap Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Shiao-Yng Chan, Fabian Yap, Keith M. Godfrey, Yung Seng Lee, Johan G. Eriksson, Jonathan Y. Bernard and Falk Müller-Riemenschneider

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:145

    Content type: Research

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  10. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) of pre-school aged children are associated with important health and developmental outcomes. Accurate measurement of these behaviours in young children is cr...

    Authors: Sophie M. Phillips, Carolyn Summerbell, Matthew Hobbs, Kathryn R. Hesketh, Sonia Saxena, Cassey Muir and Frances C. Hillier-Brown

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:141

    Content type: Review

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  11. Many genes and molecular pathways are associated with obesity, but the mechanisms from genes to obesity are less well known. Eating behaviors represent a plausible pathway, but because the relationships of eat...

    Authors: Guiomar Masip, Ronja Foraita, Karri Silventoinen, Roger A. H. Adan, Wolfgang Ahrens, Stefaan De Henauw, Antje Hebestreit, Anna Keski-Rahkonen, Lauren Lissner, Kirsten Mehlig, Dénés Molnar, Luis A. Moreno, Iris Pigeot, Paola Russo, Toomas Veidebaum, Leonie H. Bogl…

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:139

    Content type: Research

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  12. To have population-level impact, physical activity (PA) interventions must be effectively implemented and sustained under real-world conditions. Adequate Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) is integral to childr...

    Authors: Jiani Ma, Michael J. Hogan, Emma L. J. Eyre, Natalie Lander, Lisa M. Barnett and Michael J. Duncan

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:144

    Content type: Research

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  13. In this study, we examined the relationship between low levels of physical activity, high consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and low consumption of whole grain bread and experiencing insomnia in adolesce...

    Authors: Annette Løvheim Kleppang, Karin de Ridder, Siri Håvås Haugland and Tonje Holte Stea

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:143

    Content type: Research

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  14. Evidence for the health benefits of urban green space tends to stem from small, short-term quasi-experimental or cross-sectional observational research, whilst evidence from intervention studies is sparse. The...

    Authors: Ruth F. Hunter, Deepti Adlakha, Christopher Cardwell, Margaret E. Cupples, Michael Donnelly, Geraint Ellis, Aisling Gough, George Hutchinson, Therese Kearney, Alberto Longo, Lindsay Prior, Helen McAneney, Sara Ferguson, Brian Johnston, Michael Stevenson, Frank Kee…

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:142

    Content type: Research

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  15. The causal effect of physical activity on reducing dementia risk has been questioned due to the possibility of reverse causation. This study examined the potential causal effects of physical activity on reduci...

    Authors: Koryu Sato, Naoki Kondo, Masamichi Hanazato, Taishi Tsuji and Katsunori Kondo

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:140

    Content type: Research

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  16. Countries around the world are putting in place sugar reformulation targets for packaged foods to reduce excess sugar consumption. The Australian government released its voluntary sugar reformulation targets f...

    Authors: Daisy H. Coyle, Maria Shahid, Elizabeth K. Dunford, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Kathy Trieu, Matti Marklund, Bruce Neal and Jason H. Y. Wu

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:138

    Content type: Research

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  17. Physical Activity 4 Everyone (PA4E1) is an evidence-based program effective at increasing adolescent physical activity (PA) and improving weight status. This study aimed to determine a) the effectiveness of an...

    Authors: Rachel Sutherland, Elizabeth Campbell, Matthew McLaughlin, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Karen Gillham, Chris Oldmeadow, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Mandy Williams, Nicole Evans, Andrew Bailey, James Boyer, Christophe Lecathelinais…

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:137

    Content type: Research

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  18. Physical activity is a modifiable risk factor for health and wellbeing, all-cause mortality and healthy aging. However, for middle- to older-age females less is known about the benefits of sports participation on...

    Authors: F. E. Kinnafick, A. J. Brinkley, S. J. Bailey and E. J. Adams

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:136

    Content type: Research

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  19. The impact of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and other lifestyle-related factors on severe COVID-19 risk is understudied. The present study aims to investigate lifestyle-related and socioeconomic factors as p...

    Authors: Elin Ekblom-Bak, Daniel Väisänen, Björn Ekblom, Victoria Blom, Lena V. Kallings, Erik Hemmingsson, Gunnar Andersson, Peter Wallin, Jane Salier Eriksson, Tobias Holmlund, Magnus Lindwall, Andreas Stenling and Amanda Lönn

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:135

    Content type: Research

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  20. Media use may influence metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children. Yet, longitudinal studies are scarce. This study aims to evaluate the longitudinal association of childhood digital media (DM) use trajectories wi...

    Authors: Elida Sina, Christoph Buck, Toomas Veidebaum, Alfonso Siani, Lucia Reisch, Hermann Pohlabeln, Valeria Pala, Luis A. Moreno, Dénes Molnar, Lauren Lissner, Yiannis Kourides, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Wolfgang Ahrens and Antje Hebestreit

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:134

    Content type: Research

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  21. Parks are a key setting for physical activity for children. However, little is known about which park features children prefer and which features are most likely to encourage them to be active in parks. This s...

    Authors: Jenny Veitch, Kylie Ball, Elise Rivera, Venurs Loh, Benedicte Deforche and Anna Timperio

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:133

    Content type: Research

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  22. The aim of this research was to examine the bidirectional association between self-reported symptoms of mental disorder and physical activity among a large sample of Canadian secondary school students over time.

    Authors: M. Claire Buchan, Isabella Romano, Alexandra Butler, Rachel E. Laxer, Karen A. Patte and Scott T. Leatherdale

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:132

    Content type: Research

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  23. Physical literacy (PL) in childhood is essential for a healthy active lifestyle, with teachers playing a critical role in guiding its development. Teachers can assist children to acquire the skills, confidence...

    Authors: Inimfon A. Essiet, Natalie J. Lander, Jo Salmon, Michael J. Duncan, Emma L. J. Eyre, Jiani Ma and Lisa M. Barnett

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:131

    Content type: Review

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  24. Understanding which factors influence dietary intake, particularly in daily life, is crucial given the impact diet has on physical as well as mental health. However, a factor might influence whether but not ho...

    Authors: Alea Ruf, Andreas B. Neubauer, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Andreas Reif and Silke Matura

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:130

    Content type: Methodology

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  25. Heuristic (i.e., evidence-based, rounded) cadences of ≥100 and ≥ 130 steps/min have consistently corresponded with absolutely-defined moderate (3 metabolic equivalents [METs]) and vigorous (6 METs) physical ac...

    Authors: Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Scott W. Ducharme, Elroy J. Aguiar, John M. Schuna Jr., Tiago V. Barreira, Christopher C. Moore, Colleen J. Chase, Zachary R. Gould, Marcos A. Amalbert-Birriel, Stuart R. Chipkin and John Staudenmayer

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:129

    Content type: Research

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  26. High levels of physical activity (PA) and heart rate variability (HRV) are associated with cardiovascular benefits in patients with cardiovascular diseases. HRV, representing cardiac autonomic function, is pos...

    Authors: Xuerong Sun, Shuang Zhao, Keping Chen, Wei Hua, Yangang Su, Xin Liu, Wei Xu, Fang Wang, Xiaohan Fan, Yan Dai, Zhimin Liu and Shu Zhang

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:128

    Content type: Research

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  27. Opportunities for physical activity within out of school hours care (OSHC) are not well documented in Australia. This study explored factors associated with children (5–12 years) meeting 30 min of moderate to...

    Authors: Ruth K. Crowe, Yasmine C. Probst, Rebecca M. Stanley, Sarah T. Ryan, R. Glenn Weaver, Michael W. Beets, Jennifer A. Norman, Susan E. Furber, Cecilia Vuong, Megan L. Hammersley, Karen Wardle, Lisa Franco, Marc Davies, Christine Innes-Hughes and Anthony D. Okely

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:127

    Content type: Research

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  28. Lifestyle intervention studies often use self-reported measures of diet as an outcome variable to measure changes in dietary intake. The presence of measurement error in self-reported diet due to participant f...

    Authors: David Aaby and Juned Siddique

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:125

    Content type: Research

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  29. Most studies on the effects of sleep, sedentary behavior (SB), and physical activity (PA) on mental health did not account for the intrinsically compositional nature of the time spent in several behaviors. Thu...

    Authors: Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Esther García-Esquinas, Rosario Ortolá, Ignacio Ara, Irene Rodríguez-Gómez, Sebastien F. M. Chastin, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo and David Martínez-Gómez

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:124

    Content type: Research

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  30. Most of theevidence has focused on examining the influence of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity on mental health, but he role of light intensity physical activity (LIPA) is less understood. The ...

    Authors: Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Judit Bort-Roig, Ruimin Ma, Eugenia Romano, Matthew Faires, Brendon Stubbs, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Beatriz Olaya, Josep Maria Haro, Lee Smith, Jae Il Shin, Min Seo Kim and Ai Koyanagi

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:123

    Content type: Review

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  31. Physical activity guidelines recommend young people engage in regular muscle-strengthening activities (e.g., resistance training [RT]). However, few school-based physical activity interventions have been deliv...

    Authors: Sarah G. Kennedy, Jordan J. Smith, Paul A. Estabrooks, Nicole Nathan, Mike Noetel, Philip J. Morgan, Jo Salmon, Gessika C. Dos Santos and David R. Lubans

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:122

    Content type: Research

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  32. This aimed to evaluate the effects of self-monitoring of daily steps with or without counselling support on HbA1c, other cardiometabolic risk factors and objectively measured physical activity (PA) during a 2-...

    Authors: Jenny Rossen, Kristina Larsson, Maria Hagströmer, Agneta Yngve, Kerstin Brismar, Barbara Ainsworth, Linda Åberg and Unn-Britt Johansson

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:121

    Content type: Research

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  33. Decline in physical function varies substantially across older individuals due to several extrinsic modifiable factors such as dietary patterns, physical activity and social support. We aimed to determine the ...

    Authors: Marguerita Saadeh, Federica Prinelli, Davide L. Vetrano, Weili Xu, Anna-Karin Welmer, Serhiy Dekhtyar, Laura Fratiglioni and Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:120

    Content type: Research

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  34. Reducing red meat is a strategy to improve public health and mitigate climate change in the United States and other high-income countries. Policies requiring warnings on the front of red meat packages are a pr...

    Authors: Lindsey Smith Taillie, Christina Chauvenet, Anna H. Grummon, Marissa G. Hall, Wilma Waterlander, Carmen E. Prestemon and Lindsay M. Jaacks

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:114

    Content type: Research

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  35. Extended contact interventions delivered via text messaging are a low-cost option for promoting the long-term continuation of behavior change. This secondary analysis of a text message–delivered extended conta...

    Authors: Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Ana D Goode, Jennifer Job, Elizabeth G Eakin, Kate L Spilsbury and Elisabeth Winkler

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:119

    Content type: Research

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  36. Over the past decade several physical activity (PA) interventions have been shown to be efficacious in a controlled research setting, however there is a continued lack of evidence for how to successfully imple...

    Authors: Jemima Cooper, Joey Murphy, Catherine Woods, Femke Van Nassau, Aisling McGrath, David Callaghan, Paula Carroll, Paul Kelly, Niamh Murphy and Marie Murphy

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:118

    Content type: Review

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  37. In England, the onset of COVID-19 and a rapidly increasing infection rate resulted in a lockdown (March-June 2020) which placed strict restrictions on movement of the public, including children. Using data col...

    Authors: Daniel D. Bingham, Andy Daly-Smith, Jennifer Hall, Amanda Seims, Sufyan A. Dogra, Stuart J. Fairclough, Mildred Ajebon, Brian Kelly, Bo Hou, Katy A. Shire, Kirsty L. Crossley, Mark Mon-Williams, John Wright, Kate Pickett, Rosemary McEachan, Josie Dickerson…

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:117

    Content type: Research

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  38. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of a 2-year physical activity (PA) intervention combining family-based PA counselling and after-school exercise clubs in primary-school children compared to no intervention f...

    Authors: Virpi Kuvaja-Köllner, Niina Lintu, Virpi Lindi, Elisa Rissanen, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Sanna Kiiskinen, Janne Martikainen, Eila Kankaanpää, Hannu Valtonen and Timo A. Lakka

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:116

    Content type: Research

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  39. The ‘Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise’ (LiFE) program successfully reduced risk of falling via improvements in balance and strength, additionally increasing physical activity (PA) in older adults. Gene...

    Authors: Carl-Philipp Jansen, Corinna Nerz, Sarah Labudek, Sophie Gottschalk, Franziska Kramer-Gmeiner, Jochen Klenk, Judith Dams, Hans-Helmut König, Lindy Clemson, Clemens Becker and Michael Schwenk

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:115

    Content type: Research

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  40. Understanding young children's eating behaviours is vital to childhood obesity prevention. However, the widely used Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) has not been validated in Chinese young chil...

    Authors: Nan Zhou and Luning Sun

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:113

    Content type: Research

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  41. Adults and children in the U.S. consume inadequate quantities of fruit and vegetables (FV), in part, due to poor access among households with lower socioeconomic status. One approach to improving access to FV ...

    Authors: Rebecca A. Seguin-Fowler, Karla L. Hanson, Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Jane Kolodinsky, Marilyn Sitaker, Alice S. Ammerman, Grace A. Marshall, Emily H. Belarmino, Jennifer A. Garner and Weiwei Wang

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:112

    Content type: Research

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  42. In the city of Maastricht in the Netherlands, a highway crossing several deprived neighborhoods was tunneled in 2016. The vacant space on top of this tunnel was redesigned and prioritized for pedestrians and c...

    Authors: Nicole E. H. Stappers, Jasper Schipperijn, Stef P. J. Kremers, Marleen P. M. Bekker, Maria W. J. Jansen, Nanne K. de Vries and Dave H. H. Van Kann

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:111

    Content type: Research

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  43. A recent paradigm shift has highlighted the importance of considering how sleep, physical activity and sedentary behaviour work together to influence health, rather than examining each behaviour individually. ...

    Authors: Rachael W. Taylor, Jillian J. Haszard, Dione Healey, Kim A. Meredith-Jones, Barry J. Taylor and Barbara C. Galland

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:110

    Content type: Research

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  44. While studies suggest potential influences of childhood adversities on obesity development in adulthood, less is known about the short-term association in children. We examined the association between a wide r...

    Authors: Ivonne P. M. Derks, Sara Hannani, Florianne O. L. Vehmeijer, Henning Tiemeier and Pauline W. Jansen

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:109

    Content type: Short paper

    Published on:

  45. Physical activity messaging is an important step in the pathway towards improving population physical activity levels, but best practice is not yet understood. A gap in the literature exists for a physical act...

    Authors: Chloë Williamson, Paul Kelly, Jennifer R. Tomasone, Adrian Bauman, Nanette Mutrie, Ailsa Niven, Justin Richards and Graham Baker

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:108

    Content type: Research

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  46. Rest-activity rhythm (RAR), a manifestation of circadian rhythms, has been associated with morbidity and mortality risk. However, RAR patterns in the general population and specifically the role of demographic...

    Authors: Jingen Li, Virend K. Somers, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Junrui Di and Naima Covassin

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:107

    Content type: Research

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  47. Sedentary behaviors (SB) and especially prolonged sitting bouts are highly prevalent in daily life and studies indicated an association with an increased risk for several non-communicable diseases. Consequentl...

    Authors: Martina Kanning, Christina Niermann, Ulrich Ebner-Primer and Marco Giurgiu

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:106

    Content type: Research

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  48. Infant obesogenic appetitive behaviors are associated with greater infant weight and child obesity, yet little is known about maternal influences on infant appetitive behaviors. This study examines the relatio...

    Authors: Chelsie D. Temmen, Leah M. Lipsky, Myles S. Faith and Tonja R. Nansel

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:105

    Content type: Research

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  49. While physical activity has consistently been associated with decreased mortality rates, it remains unknown if there is a single “ideal” combination of time in physical activities of different intensities and ...

    Authors: Jairo H. Migueles, I-Min Lee, Cristina Cadenas Sanchez, Francisco B. Ortega, Julie E. Buring and Eric J. Shiroma

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:104

    Content type: Research

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