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Table 2 Associations between exercise maintenance and baseline demographic, smoking, social support and hours watching television.

From: Predictors of vigorous exercise adoption and maintenance over four years in a community sample

   Year 2 Year 3 Year 4
   Maintain
N = 378
Non-maintain
N = 186
Maintain
N = 277
Non-maintain
N = 230
Maintain
N = 216
Non-maintain
N = 256
Gender Female 300
79.4%
153
82.3%
214
77.3%
194***
84.4%
170
78.7%
209
81.6%
Age (years)   38.0
SD = 6.6
36.9
SD = 8.4
38.3
SD = 6.6
36.9**
SD = 8.0
38.7
SD = 6.5
37.1**
SD = 7.9
BMI (kg/m2)   25.5
SD = 4.7
27.8***
SD = 6.0
25.7
SD = 4.7
26.7**
SD = 5.8
25.4
SD = 4.6
27.0***
SD = 5.8
Employed Yes 341
90.2%
154***
82.8%
250
90.3%
197
85.7%
200
92.6%
217***
84.8%
Ethnicity White 350
92.6%
153***
82.3%
259
93.5%
192***
83.5%
203
94.0%
222***
86.7%
Income Group < $25,000 111
29.4%
79***
42.5%
82
29.6%
89**
38.9%
57
26.4%
108***
42.2%
Marital Status Married 181
47.9%
85
45.7%
130
46.9%
108
47.0%
106
49.1%
115
44.9%
  Sep/Div/ Widowed 59
15.6%
37
19.9%
42
15.2%
39
17.0%
35
16.2%
49
19.1%
  Never Married 111
29.4%
79
42.5%
105
37.9%
83
36.1%
75
34.7%
92
35.9%
Education HS or less 35
9.26%
35
18.8%
23
8.3%
40
17.4%
15
6.9%
41
16.0%
  HS + some college 128
33.8%
64
34.4%
93
33.6%
79
34.4%
73
33.8%
96
37.5%
  College or more 215
56.9%
87***
46.8%
161
58.1%
111
48.3%
128
59.3%
119***
46.5%
Smoking yes 42
11.1%
38***
20.4%
29
10.5%
39**
16.7%
24
11.1%
45**
17.6%
TV/day   1.8
SD = 1.8
2.5***
SD = 2.20
1.78
SD = 1.6
2.4***
SD = 2.1
1.7
SD = 1.5
2.4***
SD = 2.1
Social support family   3.0
SD = 1.4
2.8
SD = 1.2
3.0
SD = 1.4
2.9
SD = 1.3
3.0
SD = 1.4
2.9
SD = 1.3
Social support friend   3.0
SD = 1.2
3.1
SD = 1.2
3.0
SD = 1.2
3.0
SD = 1.2
3.0
SD = 1.2
3.0
SD = 1.2
  1. ** denotes significant difference at the p < .05
  2. *** denotes significant difference at the p < .001