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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Sizing the association between lifestyle behaviours and fatness in a large, heterogeneous sample of youth of multiple ethnicities from 4 countries

   New Zealand Fiji Tonga Australia
   Pacific Maori Asian European Indigenous Fijian Fijian Indian Tongan Australian
N   830 370 138 239 612 833 1019 1673
Sex Male 405 (48.8) 161 (43.5) 64 (46.4) 119 (49.8) 271 (44.3) 388 (46.6) 471 (46.2) 1006 (60.1)
Female 425 (51.2) 209 (56.5) 74 (53.6) 120 (50.2) 341 (55.7) 445 (53.4) 548 (53.8) 667 (39.9)
TV watching <1 hour/day 252 (30.4) 97 (26.2) 26 (18.8) 88 (36.8) 224 (37.3) 205 (26.3) 579 (56.8) 698 (41.7)
1-2 hours/day 241 (29.0) 120 (32.4) 51 (37.0) 66 (27.6) 196 (32.7) 272 (34.8) 268 (26.3) 562 (33.6)
>2 hours/day 337 (40.6) 153 (41.4) 61 (44.2) 85 (35.6) 180 (30.0) 304 (38.9) 172 (16.9) 413 (24.7)
Soft drink consumption 0 cans/day 119 (15.5) 73 (21.0) 39 (29.1) 98 (42.1) 154 (25.2) 173 (20.8) 325 (31.9) 904 (54.0)
>0-2 cans/day 508 (66.0) 216 (62.1) 79 (59.0) 117 (50.2) 373 (61.1) 537 (64.5) 562 (55.2) 703 (42.0)
>2 cans/day 143 (18.6) 59 (17.0) 16 (11.9) 18 (7.7) 84 (13.8) 122 (14.7) 132 (13.0) 66 (4.0)
Breakfast consumption 0-2 days 271 (36.1) 128 (38.1) 37 (30.3) 54 (24.6) 129 (21.1) 117 (14.1) 163 (16.0) 190 (11.4)
3-4 days 248 (33.1) 101 (30.1) 22 (18.0) 49 (22.3) 113 (18.5) 115 (13.9) 337 (33.1) 240 (14.4)
5 days 231 (30.8) 107 (31.9) 63 (51.6) 117 (53.2) 370 (60.5) 597 (72.0) 519 (50.9) 1243 (74.3)
After-school physical activity 0-1 days 199 (24.0) 101 (27.3) 63 (45.7) 97 (40.6) 165 (27.5) 222 (28.1) 362 (35.5) 361 (21.6)
2-3 days 294 (35.4) 141 (38.1) 47 (34.1) 77 (32.2) 202 (33.7) 264 (33.4) 329 (32.3) 747 (44.7)
4-5 days 337 (40.6) 128 (34.6) 28 (20.3) 65 (27.2) 233 (38.8) 305 (38.6) 328 (32.2) 565 (33.8)
Age (years)   15.0 ± 1.5 14.8 ± 1.4 15.3 ± 1.6 15.4 ± 1.5 15.5 ± 1.3 15.4 ± 1.2 15.1 ± 2.0 14.6 ± 1.4
BMI (kg/m2)   25.1 ± 4.8 24.0 ± 4.9 20.4 ± 2.9 21.6 ± 3.5 21.7 ± 2.6 18.9 ± 2.8 22.4 ± 3.3 20.7 ± 2.8
BMIz   1.37 ± 0.94 1.08 ± 1.06 0.00 ± 1.00 0.37 ± 0.94 0.40 ± 0.72 -0.67 ± 1.06 0.71 ± 0.77 0.30 ± 0.86
%BF   30.4 ± 10.9 29.6 ± 11.9 21.7 ± 9.6 24.7 ± 10.6 20.4 ± 8.7 22.4 ± 8.5 22.5 ± 9.6 26.2 ± 7.9
TFM (kg)   22.9 ± 13.0 21.5 ± 13.6 12.2 ± 7.1 15.7 ± 9.6 12.3 ± 6.3 11.2 ± 5.7 14.1 ± 7.7 15.0 ± 6.2
  1. BMI = Body mass index; BMIz = BMI z-score; %BF = Percent body fat; TFM = Total fat mass; Values are sample size (column %) or mean ± standard deviation.