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Table 4 Indirect associations of socioeconomic indicators and knowledge with salt us

From: An examination of the mediating role of salt knowledge and beliefs on the relationship between socio-demographic factors and discretionary salt use: a cross-sectional study

  Mediator 1 Mediator 2 Beta SE % mediationa
Education Declarative knowledge   -0.02 0.01 50
  Misconceptions Salt taste beliefs -0.01 0.01 25
Total indirect effect    -0.03 0.01  
Total effect ns    -0.04 0.04  
Age Declarative knowledge   -0.02 0.01 18
  Salt taste beliefs   -0.04 0.02 36
Total indirect effect    -0.07 0.02  
Total effect    -0.11 0.05  
Gender Declarative knowledge   -0.02 0.01  
  Salt taste beliefs   -0.06 0.02  
Total indirect effect    -0.09 0.02  
Total effect ns    -0.08 0.04  
Declarative knowledgeb    -0.12 0.04  
Total indirect effect    -0.02 0.02 13
Total effect    -0.15 0.05  
Misconceptions Salt taste beliefs   0.09 0.02  
Total indirect effect    0.09 0.02  
Total effect ns    0.05 0.05  
  1. Note: only statistically significant (p<0.05) paths are shown in this table.
  2. ns: not significant; aRatio of indirect effect to total effect is only calculated when total effect is larger than indirect effect to avoid ambiguous estimates [52]; bIndicates direct effect.