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Table 1 Descriptive information about the elementary (N = 366) and middle/high (N = 116) schools that participated in the study

From: School nutritional capacity, resources and practices are associated with availability of food/beverage items in schools

  Elementary schools Middle/high schools Group comparisons
   % or mean (SD) % or mean (SD) χ2 or t-test
   [range] [range] p-value
Number of schools per district 9.7 3.1  
   [1 - 38] [1 – 11]  
School socio-demographic characteristics
School size 283 (146) 838 (424) t(1) = 21.44
(Nelementary schools (Ne) = 379;Nmiddle/high schools (Nmh) = 117) [50 - 1062] [121 - 2100] p < 0.001**
School setting (Ne = 361;Nmh = 116) Urban 36.8% 31.9% χ2 (1) = 0.98
  Suburban 35.2% 37.1% p = 0.614
  Rural 28.0% 31.0%  
School characteristics
Policy institutionalization – District guidelines 2.1 (0.4) 2.1 (0.4) t(1) = 1.01
(Ne = 314; Nmh = 102) [1.0 – 3.0] [1.0 – 3.0] p = 0.312
Policy institutionalization – School guidelines 0.4 (0.3) 0.4 (0.2) t(1) = 0.29
(Ne = 254; Nmh = 89) [0.0 – 1.0] [0.0 – 1.0] p = 0.773
Climate 2.4 (0.5) 2.2 (0.6) t(1) = -3.00
(Ne = 352;Nmh = 113) [1.0 – 3.0] [1.0 – 3.0] p = 0.003**
Capacity & resources – Nutritional resources 1.8 (0.4) 2.0 (0.5) t(1) = 4.64
(Ne = 306; Nmh = 104) [1.0 – 2.8] [1.0 – 3.0] p < 0.001**
Capacity & resources – Program participation (Ne = 335; Nmh = 93) BCSFVNP (% yes) 43.3% 25.8% χ2 (1) = 9.31
     p = 0.002**
  BC Milk Program (% yes) 38.2% 25.8% χ2 (1) = 4.89
     p = 0.027*
School nutrition practices 7.4 (2.1) 5.6 (4.1) t(1) = -6.26
(Ne = 359;Nmh = 117) [0 – 10] [0 – 10] p < 0.001**
School internal and external influences
Internal and external support 2.8 (0.3) 2.7 (0.4) t(1) = -2.59
(Ne = 273; Nmh = 104) [1.9 – 3.9] [1.7 – 3.9] p = 0.010*
  1. BCFVNP = British Columbia Fruit and Vegetable Nutritional Program; BC = British Columbia.
  2. ** Significant at p < .01.
  3. * Trend towards statistical significance at p < .05.