Skip to main content

Table 1 Example items from IFSQ by subscale

From: The association of breastfeeding duration with later maternal feeding styles in infancy and toddlerhood: a cross-sectional analysis

Style Domains Sub-Scale Name
Responsive Satiety (7 items)
Behavior (Child) lets me know when s/he is full
Belief Child knows when s/he is full
Responsive Attention (5 items)
Behavior Talk to (child) to encourage him/her to eat
Belief Important to help or encourage a toddler to eat
Restrictive Amount (4 items)
Behavior I carefully control how much (child) eats
Belief Important parent decides how much infant should eat
Restrictive Diet Quality (7 items)
Behavior I let (child) eat fast food
Belief A toddler should never eat fast food
Pressuring Finishing (8 items)
Behavior Try to get (child) to finish his/her food
Belief Important for toddler finish all food on his/her plate
Pressuring Cereal (5 items)
Behavior Give/gave (child) cereal in the bottle
Belief An infant <6 mo needs more than formula or breastmilk to be full
Pressuring Soothing (4 items)
Behavior When (child) cries, I immediately feed him/her
Belief Best way to make infant stop crying is to feed
Indulgent Coaxing (8 items)
Behavior Allow child to eat desserts/sweets to make sure s/he gets enough
Belief Toddlers should be allowed to eat desserts/sweets to make sure they get enough
Indulgent Soothing (8 items)
Behavior Allow child watch tv while eating to keep him/her from crying
Belief Toddlers should be allowed to watch tv while eating to keep them from crying
Indulgent Pampering (8 items)
Behavior Allow child to eat desserts/sweets to keep him/her happy
Belief Toddlers should be allowed to eat desserts/sweets to keep them happy
Laissez-faire Attention (5 items)
Behavior When (name of child) has/had a bottle, I prop/propped it up
Belief I think it is okay to prop an infant’s bottle
Laissez-faire Diet Quality (6 items)
Behavior I keep track of what food (child) eats†
Belief A toddler should be able to eat whatever s/he wants for snacks
  1. †This question was reverse coded.