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Table 4 Summary of interview responses for low and high frequency cell phone users

From: The relationship between cell phone use, physical and sedentary activity, and cardiorespiratory fitness in a sample of U.S. college students

  Low frequency cell phone users High frequency cell phone users X 2 df p
Total # of daily leisure activities identified* 58 58 6.791 1 0.009
 • # of physical activities 34 20    
 • # of sedentary activities 24 38    
Total # of leisure uses of cell phone identified* 37 69 19.214 8 0.014
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for calling 13 6    
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for text messaging 12 16    
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for e-mail 2 1    
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for video games 1 8    
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for web browsing 1 6    
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for taking photographs 0 1    
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for Twitter 3 10    
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for Facebook 2 12    
 • # of participants indicating using cell phone for other “apps” 2 9    
Perceived relationship between cell phone use and physical activity*    9.6 2 0.008
 • # of participants indicating cell phone use is not related to physical activity 8 8    
 • # of participants indicating cell phone uses increases physical activity 6 0    
 • # of participants indicating cell phone uses decreases physical activity 2 8    
  1. *Indicates (p ≤ 0.05) a significant difference between groups.