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Table 2 Physical activity in different domains of activity and odds ratio for low physical activity compared to moderate to vigorous activity, according to the various demographic factors and risk factor status of the study population

From: Physical activity level and its sociodemographic correlates in a peri-urban Nepalese population: a cross-sectional study from the Jhaukhel-Duwakot health demographic surveillance site

  N Median physical activity (MET-minutes/week) Unadjusted odds ratio for LPA vs. MVPA (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio* for LPA vs. MVPA (95% CI)
Work time Travel time Leisure time Total
All 640 384 36 36 456 - -
Sex        
Female 465 432 29 14 475 1.33 (0.93–1.88) 1.75 (1.19–2.54)
Male 175 288 76 144 508 1 1
Age (years)        
45–59 189 288 25 29 342 1.14 (0.77–1.70) 1.67 (1.08–2.58)
35–44 240 456 46 35 536 1.01 (0.69–1.47) 1.18 (0.80–1.75)
25–34 211 432 43 48 523 1 1
Ethnicity        
Brahmin 232 288 46 83 417 0.84 (0.49–1.43) 0.53 (0.29–0.94)
Chhetri 170 334 96 43 473 1.04 (0.59–1.80) 0.86 (0.48–1.52)
Newar 167 576 10 24 610 0.59 (0.34–1.04) 0.57 (0.31–0.97)
Ethnic minorities 71 432 22 0 454 1 1
Education        
High school or further 94 180 24 14 218 2.42 (1.44–4.07) 2.99 (1.65–5.46)
Secondary 165 336 50 96 482 1.17 (0.76–1.80) 1.42 (0.86–2.32)
Primary 208 492 49 72 613 0.78 (0.51–1.17) 0.86 (0.55–1.33)
Informal 173 576 24 0 600 1 1
Occupation        
Government job 41 192 24 55 271 2.18 (1.06–4.50) 1.97 (0.88–4.42)
Nongovernment job 61 288 144 144 576 1.44 (0.76–2.74) 1.16 (0.58–2.32)
Self-employed 80 288 46 96 430 1.70 (0.94–3.06) 1.76 (0.95–3.25)
Housewife 341 432 24 0 456 1.77 (1.14–2.76) 1.59 (0.99–2.56)
Agriculture 117 576 50 72 698 1 1
Smoking        
Current smoker 132 348 49 50 447 0.83 (0.56–1.23) 1.03 (0.67–1.59)
Past smoker 34 492 47 295 834 0.37 (0.16–0.83) 0.43 (0.18–0.99)
Nonsmoker 474 384 29 16 429 1 1
Current drinker        
Yes 118 528 28 84 640 0.51 (0.33-0.78) 0.56 (0.35-0.91)
No 522 372 36 25 433 1 1
Diagnosed hypertension        
Yes 94 372 14 8 394 1.52 (0.98–2.35) 1.41 (0.88–2.23)
No 546 384 48 48 480 1 1
Diagnosed diabetes        
Yes 26 334 8 0 342 1.56 (0.71–3.42) 1.64 (0.73–3.67)
No 614 384 36 43 463 1 1
BMI        
>25 248 288 29 0 317 1.72 (1.24–2.38) 1.58 (1.13–2.20)
<25 392 432 48 96 576 1 1
Waist        
Increased 298 336 29 0 365 1.89 (1.38–2.60) 1.78 (1.27–2.49)
Normal 342 432 48 96 576 1 1
Waist-hip ratio        
Increased 348 336 46 50 432 0.91 (0.66–1.23) 0.91 (0.65–1.26)
Normal 292 504 29 0 533 1 1
  1. Note. LPA = low physical activity; MET = metabolic equivalent to task; MVPA = moderate to vigorous activity.
  2. *Odds ratios for sex, age, ethnicity, education and occupation were adjusted for sociodemographic variables other than the dependent variable itself. Odds ratios for risk factor variables were adjusted for sociodemographic variables (i.e. age, sex, ethnicity, education and occupation).