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Table 5 Relationship between sex, extracurricular school-based sports participation, community sports participation and autonomous motivation towards sports

From: Extracurricular school-based sports as a motivating vehicle for sports participation in youth: a cross-sectional study

  Autonomous motivation towards sports (Model 2)
Parameter Null model 2 Model 2a Model 2b
Fixed part β (S.E.) β (S.E.) β (S.E.)
Intercept 4.15 (0.04) 4.13 (0.03) 3.38 (0.10)
Age   0.03 (0.03) 0.03 (0.03)
SES (high)a   0.05 (0.04) −0.02 (0.04)
Controlled motivation   0.30 (0.03)*** 0.26 (0.03)***
Amotivation   −0.64 (0.03)*** −0.55 (0.03)***
Pupil sex (girl)b    0.32 (0.13)**
Extracurricular school-based sports participation (yes)c    0.58 (0.12)***
Community sports participation (yes)d    0.90 (0.13)***
Girl x extracurricular school-based sports    −0.55 (0.16)***
Girl x community sports    −0.45 (0.16)**
Extracurricular school-based sports x community sports    −0.49 (0.14)***
Girl x extracurricular school-based sports x community sports    0.58 (0.19)**
Random part σ2 (S.E.) σ2 (S.E.) σ2 (S.E.)
School-level variance 0.02 (0.01)* 0.00 (0.01) 0.01 (0.01)
Class-level variance 0.01 (0.01) 0.01 (0.01) 0.01 (0.01)
Pupil-level variance 0.66 (0.03)*** 0.43 (0.02)*** 0.36 (0.02)***
Deviance test model 2 556.76 2 116.65*** 1947.14***
Χ2 (df)   440.11 (4) 169.51 (11)
  1. Note. Values in parentheses are standard errors.
  2. *p < .05; **p < .01, ***p < .001.
  3. Reference category = 0; a0 = low and medium SES, 1 = high SES; b0 = boy, 1 = girl; c0 = no participation in extracurricular school-based sports in the current school year, 1 = participation in extracurricular school-based sports in the current school year; d0 = no participation in community sports in the current school year, 1 = participation in community sports in the current school year.