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Table 1 Description of feeding practices assessed using questionnaire scales

From: Associations between maternal depressive symptoms and child feeding practices in a cross-sectional study of low-income mothers and their young children

Scale Description Sample item
Perceived responsibility [28] Mother’s perception of her level of responsibility for child feeding “When your child is at home, how often are you responsible for feeding him/her?”1
Pressure to eat [28] Mother’s tendency to pressure child to eat more food at meals “My child should always eat all of the food on his/her plate”.2
Restriction [28] Extent to which mother restricts child’s access to foods “I have to be sure that my child does not eat too much of his/her favorite food”.2
Monitoring [28] Extent to which mother oversees child eating “How much do you keep track of the high-fat foods that your child eats?”1
Demandingness [29] How much mother encourages or discourages child’s eating behaviors “How often during the dinner meal do you tell the child to eat at least a little bit of food on his/her plate?”1
Perceived child weight [28] Mother’s perceptions of child’s weight status history “When your child was a toddler, was your child: markedly underweight, underweight, normal, overweight, or markedly overweight?”
Concern about child weight [28] Extent of maternal concern for child becoming overweight “How concerned are you about your child becoming overweight?”3
Food fussiness [42] How selective child is with regard to trying new foods and enjoying a varied diet “My child refuses new foods at first”.1
  1. 1Responses based on 1–5 Likert scale ranging from “never” to “always”.
  2. 2Responses based on 1–5 Likert scale ranging from “disagree” to “agree”.
  3. 3Responses based on 1–5 Likert scale ranging from “unconcerned” to “very concerned”.