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Table 4 Linear mixed models examining factors related to child outside play development between age five and seven (min/day)

From: A longitudinal study of children’s outside play using family environment and perceived physical environment as predictors

  Adjusted effect* at baseline Adjusted effect* at 2 years follow-up p for time interaction
n =1552    
Socio-demographics    
Child age at baseline 26.17 (19.19 to 33.14) 5.71 (−2.57 to 13.99) < 0.01
Child ethnic background; Dutch −3.03 (−18.47 to 12.40) −1.22 (−18.73 to 16.28) 0.86
Parental ethnic background; Dutch 21.28 (0.56 to 42.00) 8.19 (−15.79 to 32.17) 0.36
Family environment 1    
Parental attitude (agree) −5.83 (−9.32 to −2.34) −5.74 (−9.95 to −1.52) 0.97
Family attitude (agree) −5.07 (−8.67 to −1.47) −3.59 (−7.88 to 0.70) 0.56
Intention to improve (agree) −11.33 (−18.01 to −4.66) −4.34 (−12.15 to 3.46) 0.14
Presence of rules 29.71 (23.89 to 35.54) 23.85 (17.04 to 30.66) 0.15
Modelling siblings (#days physically active) 7.56 (5.76 to 9.36) 3.95 (1.87 to 6.03) < 0.01
  1. 1For details on the measures used see Additional file 1: Table S1, *Adjusted for season, age at baseline and follow-up. Adjusted effects are not exactly equal to results in Tables 2 and 3 because of differences in included covariates, and model specifications.
  2. Note: numbers printed bold represent statistically significant associations between the predictor and child outside play.