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Table 1 Contribution of the Coded Variable to Total Number of ESs Summarized Environmental Characteristics

From: Perceived environment and physical activity: a meta-analysis of selected environmental characteristics

  Environmental Characteristic
Coded Variable PA Facilities Sidewalks Shops & Services in Walking Dist. Heavy Traffic is Present High Crime is Present Street Lighting is Present Unattended Dogs are a Problem Total
Gender         
Men 6.67 - 9.09 6.25 - - - 3.03
Women 66.67 68.75 81.82 68.75 69.23 86.67 69.23 72.73
Mixed 26.67 31.25 9.09 25.00 30.77 13.33 30.77 24.24
Ethnicity         
Combined 40.00 31.25 27.27 37.50 30.77 13.33 30.77 30.30
Nat. Amer. 6.67 12.50 9.09 6.25 7.69 13.33 7.69 9.09
Caucasian 6.67 12.50 9.09 6.25 7.69 13.33 7.69 9.09
African Amer. 26.67 25.00 27.27 25.00 30.77 33.33 30.77 28.28
Latino 20.00 18.75 27.27 25.00 23.08 26.67 23.08 23.23
Country of Sample         
US 86.67 93.75 90.91 87.50 100.00 100.00 100.00 93.94
Australia - 6.25 9.09 12.50 - - - 4.04
England 13.33 - - - - - - 2.02
Geographic Location of Sample         
Urban 26.67 25.00 81.82 25.00 30.77 26.67 30.77 33.33
Rural 13.33 12.50 18.18 12.50 15.38 13.33 15.38 14.14
Mixed 60.00 62.50 - 62.50 53.38 60.00 53.85 52.53
Theoretical Basis of Study         
Ecological 60.00 75.00 54.55 75.00 69.23 86.67 69.23 70.71
SCT - - 18.18 - - - - 2.02
NS 40.00 25.00 27.27 25.00 30.77 13.33 30.77 27.27
PA Mode Assessed         
Walking 13.33 - 18.18 - - - - 4.04
Trans. Walking - 6.25 9.09 - - - - 2.02
Sufficient LTPA 13.33 37.50 - 12.50 15.38 26.67 15.38 18.18
Sufficient PA 73.33 56.25 72.73 87.50 84.62 73.33 84.62 75.76
PA Measure         
BRFSS 13.33 12.50 - 13.33 15.38 - 15.38 10.20
BRFSS + NPA 13.33 37.50 - 13.33 15.38 40.00 15.38 20.41
SEID - 6.25 9.09 - - - - 2.04
S-IPAQ - - - 13.33 - - - 2.04
7D-PAR - - 18.18 - - - - 2.04
NS 13.33 - - - - - - 2.04
WPA 60.00 43.75 72.73 60.00 69.23 60.00 69.23 61.22
  1. Notes: Consult studies included in current analysis for citations of PA Measures used.
  2. Percentages are reported as the percentage of effect sizes derived from coded variables in each environmental category.
  3. NS – Not Specified
  4. SEID – Study on Environmental and Individual Determinants of Physical Activity Measure
  5. WPA – Women and Physical Activity Measure; NHI – National Health Interview
  6. S-IPAQ – Short Form International Physical Activity Questionnaire