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Table 2 Percent significant findings within each pathway by study design1

From: Does parenting affect children's eating and weight status?

  Cross-sectional Longitudinal Experimental Total
Pathway 1: Parenting Child Weight
   Parenting styles:     
General 332 (1/3)3 100 (1/1) 0 (0/0) 33 (1/3)
Feeding-Specific 100 (3/3) 0 (0/0) 0 (0/0) 100 (3/3)
   Parenting practices:     
Pressure to Eat 91 (10/11) 50 (1/2) 0 (0/0) 85 (11/13)
Restriction 56 (5/9) 80 (4/5) 0 (0/1) 64 (9/14)
Availability/Modeling 100 (1/1) 0 (0/1) 0 (0/0) 50 (1/2)
Pathway 2: Parenting Child Eating
   Parenting styles:     
General 100 (2/2) 0 (0/0) 0 (0/0) 100 (2/2)
Feeding-Specific 100 (1/1) 0 (0/0) 0 (0/0) 100 (1/1)
   Parenting practices:     
Pressure to Eat 100 (6/6) 100 (2/2) 100 (7/7) 100 (15/15)
Restriction 100 (6/6) 100 (4/4) 100 (2/2) 100 (12/12)
Availability/Modeling 91 (10/11) 100 (4/4) 67 (8/12) 81 (22/27)
Pathway 3: Child Eating Child Weight 4
  50 (2/4) 75 (6/8) 0 (0/0) 67 (8/12)
  1. Note: Because some studies address multiple constructs and/or pathways, studies included in proportions may overlap
  2. 1 Pathways based on the conceptual model presented in Figure 1
  3. 2 Proportion of significant studies within study design and pathway
  4. 3 Number of significant studies/total number of studies
  5. 4 Within the context of parenting styles and feeding practices