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Table 2 Associations1 between BMI, Individual's Nativity and Neighborhood Level Immigrant Context

From: Place of birth, duration of residence, neighborhood immigrant composition and body mass index in New York City

  All subjects
  Model 1 Beta2, 95% CI, P-value Model 2 Beta2, 95% CI, P-value Model 3 Beta2, 95% CI, P-value
Individual foreign-born -1.09 (-1.37, -0.81) p-value: <0.0001 -1.10 (-1.38, -0.82) p-value: <0.0001 -1.08 (-1.36, -0.80) p-value: <0.0001
Neighborhood proportion foreign-born - 0.49 (-1.49, 0.52) p-value: 0.34 -
Neighborhood proportion linguistically isolated - - -0.42 (-2.11, 1.28) p-value: 0.63
Asians Alone
Individual foreign-born -0.66 (-1.40, 0.07) p-value: 0.08 -0.69 (-1.42, 0.05) p-value: 0.07 -0.64 (-1.38, 0.09) p-value: 0.09
Neighborhood proportion foreign-born - 0.41 (-0.87, 1.68) p-value: 0.53 -
Neighborhood proportion linguistically isolated - - -1.09 (-3.11, 0.94) p-value: 0.29
Hispanics Alone
Individual foreign-born -1.17 (-1.67, -0.67) p-value: <0.0001 -1.12 (-1.63, -0.62) p-value: <0.0001 -1.10 (-1.61, -0.60) p-value: <0.0001
Neighborhood proportion foreign-born - -1.03 (-2.62, 0.56) p-value: 0.20 -
Neighborhood proportion linguistically isolated - - -2.97 (-5.67, -0.28) p-value: 0.03
Black-Caribbeans Alone
Individual foreign-born -1.41 (-2.92, -0.11) p-value: 0.07 -1.55 (-3.01, -0.03) p-value: 0.05 -1.42 (-2.94, 0.10) p-value: 0.07
Neighborhood proportion foreign-born - 3.14 (-0.65, 6.93) p-value: 0.10 -
Neighborhood proportion linguistically isolated - - -0.80 (-8.48, 6.88) p-value: 0.84
Caucasians Alone
Individual foreign-born -0.95 (-1.40, -0.50) p-value: <0.0001 -0.93 (-1.38, -0.48) p-value: <0.0001 -0.95 (0.50, 1.40) p-value: <0.0001
Neighborhood proportion foreign-born - -1.19 (-2.39, 0.00) p-value: 0.05 -
Neighborhood proportion linguistically isolated - - 0.24 (-2.76, 3.24) p-value: 0.88
  1. 1 All models control for age, gender and education, and the models that includes all subjects also controls for race/ethnicity. The models for Hispanics also control for Hispanic ethnicity. Model 1 includes only individual level variables. Model 2 includes individual level variables, neighborhood proportion foreign-born and proportion of households in the neighborhood below the poverty line. Model 3 includes individual level variables, neighborhood proportion linguistically isolated and proportion of households in the neighborhood below the poverty line.
  2. 2 The Beta coefficients for foreign-born represents the adjusted difference in BMI for foreign-born versus U.S.-born individuals. The Beta coefficients for proportion foreign-born and proportion linguistically isolated represent the estimated difference in BMI for a 1 unit difference in these variables.