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Table 4 Adjusted1 Mean BMI by Place of Birth and Neighborhood Characteristics for Hispanics

From: Place of birth, duration of residence, neighborhood immigrant composition and body mass index in New York City

  US Born Adjusted mean BMI, (95% CI) N Foreign-born Adjusted mean BMI, (95% CI) N P-value for row   US Born Adjusted mean BMI, (95% CI) N Foreign-born Adjusted mean BMI, (95% CI) N p-value for row
High2 proportion of foreign-born residents in neighborhood 28.99 (29.81–28.53) 228 27.95 (28.53–27.38) 427 0.03 High3 proportion of linguistically isolated households in neighborhood 28.64 (29.56–27.72) 226 28.22 (28.86–27.59) 430 0.79
Low proportion of foreign-born residents in neighborhood 29.51 (29.98–29.04) 972 28.32 (28.71–27.93) 989 <0.0001 Low proportion of linguistically isolated households in neighborhood 29.64 (30.11–29.18) 974 28.28 (28.67–27.89) 986 <0.0001
P-value for interaction between place of birth and neighborhood characteristics   0.85     0.27  
  1. 1 adjusted for age, gender, education, Hispanic ethnicity and neighborhood poverty rate.
  2. 2 High is defined as being above the 75% percentile of the distribution of proportion foreign-born in all neighborhoods in the sample. The 75% percentile is equivalent to 0.44 of residents in the neighborhood being foreign-born.
  3. 3 High is defined as being above the 75% percentile of the distribution of proportion of households in the neighborhood being linguistically isolated in all the neighborhoods in the sample. The 75% percentile is equivalent to 0.25 of the households being linguistically isolated.