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Table 3 Relationships between the nutritional home environment and children's intake of fruit and vegetables using ANOVA (n = 279).

From: Relationships between the home environment and physical activity and dietary patterns of preschool children: a cross-sectional study

Descriptive Construct Nutritional Home Environment Item Children's Dietary Patterns Mean Fruit and Vegetable score (range = 0–21) p value
   ≤ 1/4 plate 1/3 plate 1/2 plate > 1/2 plate  
Parental behaviours associated with food Average portion size served to child 8.3a 10.6b 10.9b 11.0b 0.002
   Frequently Sometimes Occasionally Rarely/Never  
  Food allowed to be eaten in front of TV 9.3a 10.1ab 10.4ab 11.8b 0.01
  Acceptance of wasted food 8.8a 9.9a 10.2a 11.8a 0.04
  Remind child to 'eat up' 9.7a 11.6b 10.5ab 12.3b 0.007
  Offer food rewards/incentives to eat main meals 9.0a 10.9a 10.9a 10.5a 0.04
  Restrict fruit juice 10.9a 10.4ab 11.3a 9.2b 0.02
  Restrict high fat/sugar snack foods 11.1a 9.4b 9.4ab 8.4ab 0.009
  Restrict second helpings 14.4a 9.6a 11.9a 10.1a 0.04
Availability of food in home Take-away food purchased 8.5a 9.8a 10.8a 11.3a 0.03
   0–2.9 kg 3–5.9 kg 6–7.9 kg ≥8 kg  
  Amount of fruit 9.2a 11.0b 11.7b 11.9b <0.001
   0–1.9 l 2–2.9 l 3–3.9 l ≥4 l  
  Amount of fruit juice in home 10.4ab 11.6a 9.2ab 8.9b 0.01
   0 boxes 0.5 boxes 1–2 boxes >2 boxes  
  Amount of muesli bars/breakfast bars in home 10.9a 10.9ab 9.2b 10.5ab 0.04
  1. a,b Superscripts indicate which categories show a statistically significant difference using Bonferroni correction: same letter indicates no difference, different letter indicates a difference.