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Table 5 Results of testing the mediational model: energy balance-related behaviours (EBRBs) as mediators of the relationship between ethnicity and BMI (criteria 1 and 2)

From: Ethnic differences in BMI among Dutch adolescents: what is the role of screen-viewing, active commuting to school, and consumption of soft drinks and high-caloric snacks?

  boys girls
  unstandardized regression coefficient (95% CI) SE* unstandardized regression coefficient (95% CI) SE*
BMI: ethnicity (criterion 1)†     
   BMI 1.54 (.80 – 2.28) .37 1.86 (1.00 – 2.72) .44
EBRBs: ethnicity (criterion 2)‡     
screen-viewing behaviour     
   television viewing 26.75 (.30 – 53.21) 13.46 44.28 (18.73 – 69.82) 13.00
   computer use 17.63 (-6.58 – 41.84) 12.32 13.14 (-6.88 – 33.16) 10.18
physical activity     
   active transport to school -9.60 (-17.27 – -1.93) 3.90 -9.46 (-17.26 – -1.66) 3.97
   organized sports .41 (-6.52 – 7.33) 3.52 2.62 (-6.26 – 11.49) 4.51
   unorganised sports 32.52 (-6.69 – 71.73) 19.91 22.07 (-8.97 – 53.12) 15.75
sugar-containing beverage consumption     
   soft drinks 151.03 (-73.48 – 375.54) 114.12 143.79 (-60.01 – 347.59) 103.66
   fruit juices 177.13 (54.22 – 300.05) 62.52 150.27 (38.07 – 262.47) 57.07
high-caloric snack consumption     
   savoury snacks .07 (-.08 – .22) .08 .19 (.03 – .34) .08
   sweet snacks -.32 (-.65 – .01) .17 -.15 (-.44 – .14) .17
  1. *SE = standard error
  2. †regression model with BMI as criterion variable and ethnicity as predictor variable
  3. ‡regression model with EBRBs as criterion variable and ethnicity as predictor variable