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Table 1 Design of studies included in the review

From: Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders: A systematic review

author Design intervention study period intervention period individually/group-based
Scocco et al. [62] randomized controlled trial intervention on providing information and assessment of dietary topics compared to a control group not receiving intervention 24 weeks 8 weeks individually-based
Evans et al. [64] randomized controlled trial intervention on education and setting specific goals on healthy eating and lifestyle compared to a control group not receiving intervention 6 months 3 months individually-based
Littrell et al. [59] randomized controlled trial intervention on providing information and prompting self-monitoring of behavior on nutrition and exercise compared to a control group not receiving intervention 6 months 16 weeks combination
Vreeland et al. [68] non-randomized controlled trial intervention on providing information and teaching on nutrition and healthy living compared to a control group not receiving intervention 12 weeks 12 weeks combination
Weber & Wyne [58] randomized controlled trial intervention providing information and prompting self-monitoring of behavior on nutrition and exercise compared to a control group not receiving intervention 16 weeks 16 weeks group-based
McKibbin et al. [61] randomized controlled trial intervention on exercise and providing information and prompting self-monitoring of behavior on nutrition and exercise compared to a control group not receiving intervention 24 weeks 24 weeks group-based
Wu et al.[65] randomized controlled trial intervention on exercise and on providing information and prompting self-monitoring of behavior compared to a control group not receiving intervention 12 weeks 12 weeks combination
author Design intervention study period intervention period individually/group-based
Mauri et al. [63] randomized controlled trial intervention on providing information and teaching on nutrition compared to a control group receiving intervention in second study phase 24 weeks 12 weeks combination
Wu et al. [60] randomized controlled trial intervention on exercise and assessment of food and caloric intake compared to a control group not receiving intervention 6 months 6 months combination
Ball et al. [57] non-randomized controlled trial intervention on exercise and on prompting self-monitoring of food choices behaviour compared to a control group not receiving intervention 10 weeks 10 weeks combination
Skrinar et al. [66] randomized controlled trial intervention on exercise and providing information and prompting self-monitoring of behavior on nutrition and wellness compared to a control group not receiving intervention 12 weeks 12 weeks group-based
Kwon et al. [67] randomized controlled trial intervention on nutritional education and prompting self-monitoring of dietary behavior and exercise compared to a control group not receiving intervention 12 weeks 12 weeks individually-based
Menza et al. [69] non-randomized controlled trial intervention on exercise and prompting self-monitoring of behavior on nutrition and exercise compared to a control group not receiving intervention 12 months 12 months combination
Brar et al. [83] randomized controlled trial intervention on teaching various behavioral techniques on nutrition and exercise for weight loss compared to a control group not receiving intervention 14 weeks 14 weeks group-based