Skip to main content

Table 2 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) for the associations between socio-demographic, built environmental, and behavioral correlates of achieving pedometer-based cut-points

From: A cross-sectional study of the individual, social, and built environmental correlates of pedometer-based physical activity among elementary school children

    Main effects Main effects + interactions
Variables % OR 95%CI OR 95%CI
Socio-demographic       
Home ownership* Renting 25.7 1.11 0.80, 1.54 1.11 0.80, 1.56
  Owned/purchasing 26.0 Ref.   Ref.  
Marital status* Married/defacto 25.5 1.00 0.59, 1.69 0.98 0.58, 1.66
  Other 27.2 Ref.   Ref.  
Dependents at home <18 yrs* One child 29.9 1.39 0.87, 2.21 1.42 0.89, 2.26
  ≥2 children 25.3 Ref.   Ref.  
Sex Male 19.1 0.42 0.31, 0.58Φ 0.03 0.01, 0.79Φ
  Female 31.6 Ref.   Ref.  
Grade of student Grade 5 28.1 1.12 0.81, 1.54 1.12 0.81, 1.55
  Grade 6 26.1 0.86 0.63, 1.18 0.90 0.65, 1.25
  Grade 7 24.0 Ref.   Ref.  
Highest education completed by any parent* ≤High school 24.0 1.25 0.73, 2.13 1.28 0.77, 2.13
  Diploma/trade/other 26.2 1.36 0.94, 1.97 1.38 0.95, 2.03
  ≥Bachelor degree 27.1 Ref.   Ref.  
Dog ownership* Owner 26.1 1.08 0.75, 1.55 1.07 0.74, 1.53
  Non-owner 25.6 Ref.   Ref.  
Child has friends in the neighborhood Many friends 27.8 1.04 0.73, 1.49 1.02 0.70, 1.47
  Few friends 21.7 Ref.   Ref.  
Sedentary and active leisure-time behavior       
Screen-based activity time* <2 hours/day 35.7 1.88 1.30, 2.73Φ 1.89 1.29, 2.78Φ
  ≥2 hours/day 22.2 Ref.   Ref.  
Leisure physical activity index [min. = 0, max. = 7]^    1.08 0.95, 1.36 1.08 0.95, 1.22
Average steps within grade (500 step increments) [min. = 7779.31, max. = 14588.97]^    1.29 1.22, 1.36Φ 1.21 1.13, 1.31Φ
Independent mobility and transportation to school       
Play in any street, park, or go for walk without an adult* No 22.3 0.71 0.44, 1.14 0.73 0.45, 1.18
  Yes 26.5 Ref.   Ref.  
Child usually driven to and from school No 21.0 1.48 1.08, 2.04Φ 1.44 1.04, 2.00Φ
  Yes 33.0 Ref.   Ref.  
Self-reported neighborhood environment       
Have to drive child to park with suitable equipment Yes 27.1 0.99 0.72, 1.35 0.98 0.72, 1.33
  No 23.7 Ref.    
Traffic in neighborhood [min. = 1, max. = 5]*    0.96 0.80, 1.15 0.97 0.81, 1.16
Friendliness of neighborhood [min. = 1, max. = 5]*    1.15 0.94, 1.41 1.18 0.94, 1.47
Distance to nearest friends house from home* >10 minute walk 20.4 0.62 0.47, 0.82Φ 0.60 0.46, 0.78Φ
  ≤10 minute walk 29.3 Ref.   Ref.  
Distance to nearest relatives house from home* >10 minute walk 26.1 1.05 0.61, 1.80 1.66 0.97, 2.85
  ≤10 minute walk 25.0 Ref.   Ref.  
Count of different destinations within a 10 minute walk of home [min. = 0, max. = 13]*    0.93 0.88, 0.99Φ 0.93 0.88, 0.99Φ
Neighborhood walkability and socioeconomic status       
School neighborhood walkability score High 28.6 1.01 0.75, 1.35 1.00 0.74, 1.35
  Low 23.6 Ref.   Ref.  
School neighborhood socioeconomic status High 29.6 1.33 1.06, 1.67Φ 1.36 1.11, 1.68Φ
  Medium 25.0 1.15 0.82, 1.60 1.15 0.82, 1.60
  Low 20.7 Ref.   Ref.  
Sex-specific interactions       
Sex by dist. relatives house within 10-min walk      0.27 0.15, 0.47Φ
Sex by average steps within grade      1.17 1.02, 1.34Φ
  1. Φ p < 0.05. Ref.: reference category. * Indicates data collected from parent questionnaire; Pedometer-based cut-points: ≥12000 steps/day for girls and ≥15000 steps/day for boys. ^ Parameter estimates represent linear associations between the variable and pedometer-based physical activity. All estimates adjusted for school-level clustering