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Table 4 Theory-based beliefs about following recommendations to reduce formula-milk feed quantities (11 items, n = 35)

From: Development of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices

Question Wording   Test- retest reliability a Collapsed 3 categories b Validity c Frequency d
  Question %agreement Kappa %agreement Kappa %agreement Kappa +ve neutral -ve
Positive outcome expectancy           
If I follow the new feeding recommendation, my baby's
growth will be optimal
19a 76.7 0.24 79.7 0.24 75.0 0.19 6 25 3
If I follow the new feeding recommendation, I will feel good
about myself
19b 87.9 0.44 83.3 0.54 66.0 0.21 9 17 9
If I follow the new feeding recommendation, I will feel
I do the best for my baby
19c 89.9 0.62 86.4 0.66 76.0 0.37 14 15 6
Negative outcome expectancy (reverse coded)           
If I follow the new feeding recommendation, my baby
will remain hungry
19 g 89.1 0.40 79.7 0.33 70.8 0.32 8 22 3
If I follow the new feeding recommendation, my baby
will wake up frequently at night
19h 91.4 0.47 84.4 0.44 68.0 0.31 6 24 4
Positive self-efficacy           
I am confident that I can follow the new feeding
recommendation even if my baby cries between feeds
19d 91.9 0.76 90.9 0.77 76.0 0.37 6 12 17
I am confident that I can follow the new feeding recommendation
even if my friends do not follow the same
recommendation
19e 85.6 0.23 77.3 0.23 80.0 0.00 23 11 1
Negative self-efficacy (reverse coded)           
It would be difficult for me to follow the new feeding
recommendation if my partner and family do not support me
19f 86.4 0.69 86.4 0.69 56.0 0.09 10 12 13
It would be difficult for me to follow the new feeding
recommendation
19 k 89.1 0.45 82.8 0.51 68.0 0.27 10 17 7
Intentions           
I intend to follow the new feeding recommendation 19i 90.6 0.65 87.5 0.65 64.0 0.22 8 19 7
I will try to follow the new feeding recommendation 19j 92.7 0.75 92.2 0.81 70.0 0.32 14 12 8
  1. aTest-retest reliability-1st and 2nd questionnaires
  2. b1st and 2nd Questionnaires coded as positive, or neutral, or negative with negatively worded items reverse coded
  3. cValidity-1st questionnaire and interview coded as positive, or neutral, or negative with negatively worded items reverse coded
  4. dFrequency of respondents 1st questionnaire with negatively worded items reverse coded