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Table 4 Differences in Beverage and Food Consumption among Adults in NYC after Menu Labeling Legislation†

From: Consumer purchasing patterns in response to calorie labeling legislation in New York City

  Did Not See Calorie Information (Reference Group)
(n = 196)
Saw Calorie Information But Did Not Use Information
(n = 180)
Saw Calorie Information and Did Use Information
(n = 64)
Caloric Beverage (yes) 50/196 = 26% 23/180 = 13%** 8/64 = 13%
Ordered a Salad (yes) 15/196 = 8% 9/180 = 5%** 12/64 = 19%**
Type of Salad Dressing (regular) 4/15 = 27% 3/9 = 33% 7/12 = 58%*
Orders of French Fries 67/196 = 34% 68/180 = 38% 26/64 = 41%
Use of Cheese 55/107 = 51% 63/110 = 57% 24/45 = 53%
Dessert (yes) 25/196 = 13% 28/180 = 16% 6/64 = 9%
Mean Number of Fast Food Breakfasts per Week 1.4 1.2 1.3
Mean Number of Fast Food Lunches per Week 2.5 2.3 1.9**
Mean Number of Fast Food Dinners per Week 1.3 1.0** 0.7**
Mean Number of Snacks per Week 1.4 1.0* 1.0
Mean Number of Fast Food Meals per Week (including snacks) 6.6 5.5** 4.9**
  1. *p≤0.10; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01;
  2. † Regression analysis controlling for age, race, gender, and restaurant type and standard errors were clustered at the restaurant level