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Table 1 Outline of the NEWS-Y parent version

From: Criterion distances and environmental correlates of active commuting to school in children

Nr Questions about the neighborhood n Parental mean
1 Residential density (None/A few/Half/Most/All the residences) 632 79.30
1a How common are separate or stand alone one family homes? 667 3.09 ± 1.23
1b How common are connected townhouses or row houses? 671 2.92 ± 1.09
1c How common are apartment or condo buildings? 642 1.68 ± 0.79
2 Accessibility (Strongly disagree/Somewhat disagree/Sometimes I agree; Sometimes I disagree/Somewhat agree/Strongly agree) 692 3.47 ± 1.14
2a From our home, it is easy to walk to school. 688 3.25 ± 1.68
2b There are many places where my child can walk to, alone or with someone else. 691 3.27 ± 1.42
2c It is easy to walk from one place to another (there is no motorway, railway or river). 687 3.73 ± 1.27
2d It is easy to walk to a play garden or a park. 686 3.62 ± 1.40
3 Land use mix (1-5 min/6-10 min/11-20 min/21-30 min/> 30 min) 684 3.34 ± 1.02
  How long should it take to walk to....   
3a    convenience/small grocery store? 646 3.59 ± 1.22
3b    supermarket? 668 3.07 ± 1.34
3c    bakery? 677 3.82 ± 1.16
3d    butcher's ? 669 3.54 ± 1.23
3e    newspaper stand? 670 3.49 ± 1.27
3f    bank? 641 2.97 ± 1.34
3g    library? 666 2.79 ± 1.32
4 Street connectivity (Strongly disagree/Somewhat disagree/Sometimes I agree; Sometimes I disagree/Somewhat agree/Strongly agree) 689 3.40 ± 0.91
4a The streets have many cul-de-sacs. 686 3.56 ± 1.28
4b There are many intersections. 687 3.24 ± 1.15
5 Walking/Cycling facilities (Strongly disagree/Somewhat disagree/Sometimes I agree; Sometimes I disagree/Somewhat agree/Strongly agree) 692 2.71 ± 0.88
5a There are sidewalks on most of the streets. 691 3.36 ± 1.37
5b There are bikeways on most of the streets. 688 2.53 ± 1.21
5c Bikeways are separated from the road/traffic by parked cars. 688 2.06 ± 1.11
5d There are bicycle sheds (at supermarkets, schools, bus stops...). 686 2.91 ± 1.21
6 Neighbourhood aesthetics (Strongly disagree/Somewhat disagree/Sometimes I agree; Sometimes I disagree/somewhat agree/strongly agree) 694 3.27 ± 0.88
6a There are many trees along the streets. 694 3.09 ± 1.211
6b There is a beautiful scenery. (e.g. a beautiful landscape or view) 694 3.43 ± 1.25
6c There are many buildings/homes that are nice to look at. 693 3.29 ± 0.98
7 Traffic safety (Strongly disagree/Somewhat disagree/Sometimes I agree; Sometimes I disagree/Somewhat agree/Strongly agree) 692 2.85 ± 0.68
7a Walking is dangerous because of the traffic. 690 3.23 ± 1.04
7b Cycling is dangerous because of the traffic. 691 2.84 ± 1.04
7c Cars usually drive slowly. 690 2.45 ± 0.99
7d Our streets have good lightning at night. 691 3.31 ± 0.99
7e There are crosswalks and signals to help walkers cross busy streets. 689 3.04 ± 1.12
7f It is safe to play on the streets. 691 2.24 ± 1.278
8 Crime safety (Strongly disagree/Somewhat disagree/Sometimes I agree; Sometimes I disagree/Somewhat agree/Strongly agree) 693 3.46 ± 0.74
8a There is a low crime rate. 686 3.79 ± 0.94
8b It is necessary to be afraid of strangers when I am/my child is walking down the street alone. 666 3.33 ± 1.03
8c It is necessary to be afraid of when I am/my child is alone in a playground or a park. 661 3.25 ± 1.06
8d My bike is safe when I lock it. 669 3.44 ± 1.02
  1. Residential density was calculated by following formula: score on question 1a + 12*score on question 1b + 25*score on question 1c. All the other subscales were scored by taking the mean of the different question scores on a 5 point scale.